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US Navy Rear Admiral. Middleton came from a wealthy aristocratic family being the son of Henry Middleton, Governor of South Carolina and Minister to Russia and grandson of Arthur Middleton, signer of the Declaration of Independence. He was educated in England and France. He enlisted in the US Navy in 1828, and served aboard the frigate Java of the Mediterranean squadron until 1831. He next was assigned to the sloop Vandalia of the West India squadron from 1831 to 1833 and during 1833 and 1834 he was on the receiving ship at Brooklyn. On June 14, 1834 he was promoted to midshipman and his next assignment was the frigate Constitution in the Mediterranean from 1835 to 1838. Middleton was then ordered to the sloop Marion of the Brazil squadron from 1838 to 1842. While aboard the Marion he was promoted to lieutenant on Feb 25, 1841. Over the next decade he would serve on numerous ships, including the Lexington, Plymouth, Cumberland, Princeton, Erie and the Independence. In 1854 he joined the Decatur and participated in the campaign against the Indian tribes of Oregon and Washington and fought in the attack upon Seattle on January 26, 1856. That same day he was promoted to Commander and on April 24, 1863 promoted to Captain and was appointed to special duty in Washington, DC. The next two years he would be assigned to the Mare Island Navy yard in California and afterwards commanded the steam sloop Pensacola. He received his commission as Commodore on November 26, 1868 and was assigned to command the steam sloop Lackawanna in the Pacific fleet. He was commandant of the Navy yard at Pensacola, Florida in 1870 and was commissioned as Rear-Admiral on August 15, 1876.
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Dear Mr. White,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
While the page from the General Navy Register provided in Mr. Schneider’s response answers your question, you also may be interested in the Abstracts of Service Records of Naval Officers, 5/1798 - 7/1924 in the Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel (Record Group 24). These records are reproduced in Microfilm Publication Number M1328, which is available at the National Archives in Washington, DC and the National Archives at Atlanta. Under normal circumstances, it would be possible for you or your representative to view this microfilm publication in the research room and to print images of individual pages for a copy fee. In addition, there would be an option to order a digital reproduction of one or more rolls of the publication, for a fee, using the Records Reproduction and Microfilm Catalog.
However, as a public health precaution, due to COVID-19 all National Archives research rooms nationwide are closed to the public until further notice. The National Archives and Records Administration has also suspended microfilm reproduction and digitization services until further notice due to COVID-19. We apologize for any inconvenience. For the latest information on NARA’s operating status in regards to the current pandemic, see https://www.archives.gov/coronavirus.
We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your research!