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Here are rather extensive explanations of how land was granted in Virginia. and Pennsylvania
Dear Mr. Large,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
Virginia and Pennsylvania are state-land states in which property has been distributed by the colony or state rather than the federal government. Therefore we suggest that you contact the Library of Virginia and the Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission to search for colonial and later state land grant records Also, please review the FamilySearch research wiki for Virginia Land and Property, Virginia Colonial Records, and Pennsylvania Land and Property
In addition to the information from the previous poster, we searched online and located several articles and other sites that might be of relevance to your research. They include:
- PENNSYLVANIA ORIGINAL LAND RECORDS ACCOMPANYING CONNECTED DRAFT SURVEY MAPS: ABOUT PENNSYLVANIA LAND RECORDS
- About the Virginia Land Office Patents and Grants/Northern Neck Grant and Surveys
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your research!