Dear Mr. Walker,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is the depository of the permanently valuable non-current records of the Federal Government. For information on the private company named Henry Paulson & Co., we suggest that you contact the Archival Collections of the Chicago Public Library and search the Chicago History Museum’s online resources.
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your research!
According to Chicago city directories on Ancestry.com and Chicago Tribune articles/classifieds for hiring workers on Newspapers.com:
Henry Paulson & Co was a jewelry wholesaler/jeweler’s supplies company. I saw mention of watchmaking, engraving, clock parts, mail-order, and ads for Thermiodyne radios receivers.
The earliest mention I could find was in the 1902 city directory (the 1897-1901 directories were partially complete so I could not check them).
1902 1310 Columbus Memorial Bldg (SE corner of State & Washington)
1903 – about 1909 156 Wabash Ave
about 1910 – mid 1947 37 S Wabash Ave
A Tribune article from 24 Aug 1947 stated the company, after 40 years of being at the same location, was moving to a new one (131 S Wabash Ave). It said the new building would be much larger than the one room in which Harry Paulson started the business.
Henry Paulson’s 26 Feb 1953 Tribune obituary stated the company was “observing its 50th anniversary this year.”
The last date I found was October 1956 (This is not to say the company stopped, just the last date I was able to locate.)
A few miscellaneous links to give a little info:
This website shows items sold on eBay but it does have some information about the company
Article “Own a Technical Library” by Henry Paulson p.17
The National Museum of American History has one of the company’s trade catalogs.
Hope this helps.