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Dear Ms. Ciampi,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
If you are interested in the nurses who served in a particular Army or Air Force unit, we suggest that you request the morning reports for that unit. Morning reports for Army units (from November 1, 1912 to 1959) and Air Force units (from September 1947 to June 30, 1966) are in the custody of the National Archives at St. Louis (RL-SL). For access to these records, please contact RL-SL via email at firstname.lastname@example.org. Morning reports for Army units dated 1960- September 1974 are in the custody of NARA's National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis. Please complete a GSA Standard Form 180 and mail it to NARA's National Personnel Records Center, (Military Personnel Records), 1 Archives Drive, St. Louis, MO 63138-1002. The U.S. Air Force discontinued the Morning Report (AF Form 183) on June 30, 1966. It was replaced by a machine reporting system, the Military Strength Balance Report (AFHRA Call Number K381.24, Jan-Jun 1966, IRIS Number 498836). Additionally, another report, Average Strength Data Report, Reports Control Symbol (RCS) AF-P185 was also required. Neither report has been accessioned into the custody of the National Archives. Please contact the Air Force Historical Research Agency for access to these reports. You can find more information about Access to Morning Reports and Unit Rosters on the National Archives’ website.
If you are interested in the nurses who served on a specific Navy ship, we suggest that you view that ship’s muster rolls. These are located in two series in the Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel (Record Group 24):
- Muster Rolls of U.S. Navy Ships, Stations, and Other Naval Activities, 1/1/1939 - 1/1/1949 As part of our on-going commitment to preserve our records, the National Archives has entered into partnership with Ancestry.com to digitize some of NARA's holdings. Digitized records include Muster Rolls/Personnel Diaries (crew rosters) of U.S. Naval Ships and Stations for the dates of January 1,1941 thru January 1, 1949. These records are now available in digital form and can be viewed online via http://www.ancestry.com. There may be a fee for this service. Instead, you may check with your local public or university library as these institutions often provide access to Ancestry.com.
- Muster Rolls and Personnel Diaries of U.S. Navy Ships, Stations, and Other Naval Activities, 1/1/1949 - 12/31/1971 The original 16mm microfilm had been digitized and the images are available via the Catalog. A number of images may be illegible due to the poor quality of the original microfilm that was transferred to NARA by the Department of the Navy. The original paper records were destroyed by the Navy after filming.
We searched the National Archives Catalog and located several series that may be helpful for your research. For information about nurses who served during World War II, for example, the series U.S. Army Nurses Cards, 7/10/1944-7/10/1944 in the Records of the National Archives and Records Administration (Record Group 64) at the National Archives in St. Louis (RL-SL) may be of interest. We also located the series Rosters of World War II Overseas Personnel, 1948-1948 and Historical Nurse Files, ca. 1916 - ca. 1959 from the Records of the American National Red Cross (Collection ANRC); the series Records Relating to Histories of Nurse Corps Units and Nurses During World War II, ca. 1943-1973 from the Records of the Office of the Surgeon General (Army) (Record Group 112); and the series Records Related to Nurses and Nursing, 1943-1945 and Monthly Unit Nursing Reports, 1943-1945 from the Records of Mediterranean Theater of Operations, United States Army (Record Group 492). These records have not been digitized. For additional information about or access to these records, please contact the National Archives at College Park - Textual Reference (RDT2) via email at email@example.com.
Additionally, we located the series Strength Returns, 1942-1954 in the Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, 1917-1985 (Record Group 407); the series Unit Medical Histories and Medical Studies, 7/1/1955-12/31/1969 in the Records of Headquarters U.S. Air Force (Air Staff) (Record Group 341); the series Subject Files of South Vietnam Surgical Teams, 1962-1967 in the Records of the Public Health Service (Record Group 90); and the series Medical Unit Records, ca. 1965 - ca. 1973 in the Records of the U.S. Forces in Southeast Asia (Record Group 472) that all contain some information about nurses in Korea or Vietnam. Please contact RDT2 for further information about these and similar records.
Finally, you may be interested in the 2018 National Archives Virtual Genealogy Fair presentation on YouTube "America's Military Made the Call: Hello Nurses!" It provides a brief history of the Nurse Corps and how to research 20th Century Military Nurses records at the National Archives. Supplemental documents referenced in the presentation may be located at https://www.archives.gov/calendar/genealogy-fair/2018 under Session 6: America's Military Made the Call: Hello Nurses!
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT2 and RL-SL. The NPRC was closed from March 23 through June 23, 2020. As of June 24th, the NPRC entered into Phase One of a gradual reopening process. The center is currently only servicing emergency requests and will soon expand its service to include time-sensitive requests from veterans for records needed to secure VA home loan guarantees and employment opportunities.We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your research!