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Dear Ms. Roberts,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
We searched the National Archives Catalog and located the series Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War in the Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1762 - 1917 (Record Group 94) that includes a digitized record for Ross, Peter - Age 38, Year: 1864 - 3d US Colored Cavalry and may be viewed online. The records state that he became sick 25 April 1865 and that he died in the regimental hospital in Memphis on 1 May 1865 of disease. The First Battle of Memphis was 6 June 1862 and the Second Battle of Memphis was 21 August 1864. At the date that Peter Ross became sick, his unit was on an expedition from Memphis to Brownsville, Mississippi.
Please note that not all service records in this series have been digitized and there were additional African American soldiers with that name whose records have not yet been digitized. We also searched the National Park Service’s Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) and located 6 African American soldiers named Peter Ross, to include Peter Ross of the 3rd Colored Cavalry. A summary of the campaign and battles in which their units fought can be found by clicking on the hyperlinked unit names.
In addition to the service records, if he was married and/or had children, there may have been a pension for his survivors.
To order records that are not digitized, please fill out a NATF Form 86 for the service records and a NATF Form 85 for the pension records and mail the completed forms to the address listed on the form. You also may place your order online using eservices.archives.gov. For more information see Requesting Copies of Older (pre-WWI) Military Service Records.
We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your research!