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Dear Ms. Roberts,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
We searched the Indexes to the Carded Records of Soldiers Who Served in Volunteer Organizations During the War of 1812 and the Indexes to the Carded Records of Soldiers Who Served in Volunteer Organizations During the Mexican War in the Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1762 - 1917 (Record Group 94) but were unable to locate a record of Peter Ross serving in a Virginia volunteer unit during this time period.
We also located Report Entitled "The Negro in the Military Service of the United States" in Record Group 94 which is a compilation of copies of official records, state papers, and historical extracts relating to the military status and service of African Americans from the colonial period through the Civil War, which may be of interest.
A significant number of free African Americans served in the U.S. Navy, particularly during the War of 1812. Unfortunately there is no centralized set of records for sailors during that war. If the ship is not known, then the research becomes laborious because the muster and payrolls of all ships operating at that time must be searched, and the names on the rolls are not necessarily arranged alphabetically. The best sources, however, for ascertaining naval service are the pension and bounty land application files. If a seaman applied for one of these benefits, the ship's name and dates of service will be indicated on the application, making the search for pertinent muster rolls less time-consuming.
For more information about records documenting federal military service during the 19th century, please email the National Archives at Washington, DC - Textual Reference (RDT1) via email at Archives1reference@nara.gov.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT1. Also, the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) has suspended non-emergency reproduction and digitization services until further notice due to COVID-19.
For information about state militia records, please email the Library of Virginia.
We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your research!