2 Replies Latest reply on Aug 4, 2020 5:15 PM by Mark Nevins

    Seeking records pertaining to issue of M1 Carbines

    Mark Nevins Newbie

      I am seeking records pertaining to the Issue of M1 Carbines and more specifically, Ser #342 assigned to the 1st Infantry Division in July 1942. A prior FOIA request disclosed in the 1st Infantry Division's G-3 Diary from 1942 the following:


      Based at Indiantown Gap Military Reservation in Pennsylvania during the summer of 1942, “The Big Red One” was one of the American units that participated in the first Allied invasion of Europe (in North Africa) in November of that year.  The Division shipped out two weeks after these documents were written. Excerpts are below. Items in parenthesis are my edits for clarification.


      10 July 42.  G-3 (Division Operations) notified by G-4 (Division Supply) that 1st Infantry Division has just received 1500 carbines, cal 30. G-4 stated the Div might be completely equipped with carbines prior to embarkation.


      11 July 42. Capt. Bennett notified G-4 and DOO (most likely means Division Ordnance Officer) that Lt. Batori, Asst DOO, had asked him to notify them that a message had been received from Capt. Morgan, Washington, D.C. stating that there was going to be a production lag in manufacture of carbines.  800 delivered to us immediately, 1529 will be held up 3 or 4 days, then the full production quota will be given to us.


      Based on other information contained in a book titled War Baby (referring to the manufacture of the M1 Carbine, there were about 360 carbines manufactured by Inland (A Division of General Motors) in June 1942 and about 2,800 manufactured in the month of July 1942.  Given that the G-3 Diary from the 1st ID reflects that 1,500 carbines were received by the division on 10 July 1942, this would likely include Inland Serial #342.


      I am seeking the following:

      • Any records showing receipt of M1 Carbines by the 1st Infantry Division either by serial number, or in lots (reflecting first and last serial numbers of the lot).
      • Any issue, transfer or receipt documents for M1 Carbines in serial number range from 100 to 3,000 inclusive.
      • Any records of M1 Carbine Issue to any of the Division's subordinate units, to include any of the following:
        • Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division
          • 5th Field Artillery Battalion (155 mm)
          • 7th Field Artillery Battalion (105 mm)
          • 32nd Field Artillery Battalion (105 mm)
          • 33rd Field Artillery Battalion (105 mm)
        • 1st Engineer Combat Battalion
        • 1st Medical Battalion
        • 1st Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized)
        • Headquarters, Special Troops, 1st Infantry Division
          • Headquarters Company, 1st Infantry Division
          • 701st Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
          • 1st Quartermaster Company
          • 1st Signal Company
          • Military Police Platoon
          • Band
        • 1st Counterintelligence Corps Detachment
        • 103rd Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion (Automatic Weapons


      Records to be searched might include reports, journals, diaries and daily activity logs made by G-3 and G-4 at Division level; S-3 and S-4 at Battalion level, and Quartermaster and unit supply documents for issue and receipt of individual weapons at unit level.


      While I believe that these records may be housed at NARA located in College Park, MD., I also believe that copies or pertinent documents might exist that the Eisenhower Library in Abilene, KS. Thank you.

        • Re: Seeking records pertaining to issue of M1 Carbines
          Jason Atkinson Ranger

          Dear Mr. Nevins,


          Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!

          Military records in our custody do not include the record of assignment and operational activity of individual pieces of equipment.  Under normal War Department and Department of the Army records management procedures, such documentation would be destroyed after initial administrative use. 


          We searched National Archives Catalog and located the World War II Operations Reports, 1940-1948 in the Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1917-1981 (Record Group 407) that includes records of the 1st Infantry Division and its subordinate units. We also located Unit Histories, 1943 - 1967 in the Records of U.S. Army Operational, Tactical, and Support Organizations (World War II and Thereafter) (Record Group 338) which includes records relating to the 1st Infantry Division and may include additional records of subordinate units.  The Unit Histories, 1943 - 1967 Catalog entry includes a file unit listing that may be searched using the blue “Search within this series” button. For more information about these records please contact the National Archives at College Park - Textual Reference (RDT2) via email at archives2reference@nara.gov. Please note that if you have already filed a FOIA request with the National Archives, then RDT2 staff will have already searched these records series for files that were responsive to your FOIA request.


          For a list of military unit records at the Dwight D. Eisenhower Library (LP-DDE), see their finding aid for U.S. ARMY: Unit Records, 1917-1950.  Please contact LP-DDE at eisenhower.library@nara.gov for questions about these records.


          Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT2 and LP-DDE. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.


          We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your research!


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