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Dear Mr. White,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
Without searching for his record physically, there is no way to tell if his record was destroyed by the 1973 Fire. However, proof of service can be provided from other records such as morning reports, payrolls, and military orders, and a certificate of military service will be issued if the record was destroyed. What may complicate any search for these records is if you were not able to provide a service number as the Social Security Number was not used by the Army until 1968 and he has a common name.
You also may consider requesting his Selective Service Classification Ledger to gather more information. Selective Service records for individuals who served after World War I and were born before 1960 are in the custody of the National Archives at St. Louis (RL-SL), P.O. Box 38757, St. Louis, MO 63138-0757. There are two types of records: cards and classification histories. The individual Draft Registration Card (SSS Form 1) may contain information such as: name, Selective Service registration number, age, date and place of birth, ethnicity, place of residence at time of registration and basic physical description. The Classification History (SSS Form 102) may contain: name; date of birth; classification and date of mailing notice; date of appeal to the board; date and results of armed forces physical examination; entry into active duty or civilian work in lieu of induction (may include date, branch of service entered and mode of entry, such as enlisted or ordered); date of separation from active duty or civilian work; and general remarks. Please complete a Form NA-13172 to request a search of these records.
For men who registered for the draft prior to 1976, all other individual draftee files besides the cards and classification histories were destroyed by the Selective Service System in 1978, in accordance with approved records retention schedules. Physical examination and test results, medical letters, laboratory work, and other medical documentation that may have been included in these files no longer exist.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RL-SL. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.
Since you have much of what is available online at the federal level, we suggest checking some state and county sources. After the WWII and Korean War, service members were encouraged to submit a copy of their separation document to their County Recorder of Deeds or County Veteran's Affairs Office. Not all counties have retained these copies, but please check with the country of his residence at the time of his separation and with the Missouri and Illinois State Archives.
We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your research!