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Found your James Cotton in 151st. at http://www.pa-roots.com/pacw/infantry/151st/151stcof.html
Brief History of the Regiment. https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/151st_Regiment,_Pennsylvania_Infantry
familysearch.org is a free website. you need to register to search.
I did not find his burial at the
Gettysburg National Cemetery...click on following link
Is there a connection to the following
widows pension to Elizabeth Cotton and a Minor
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Dear Mr. Herbstritt,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
We searched the National Archives Catalog and located the series Indexes to the Carded Records of Soldiers Who Served in Volunteer Organizations During the Civil War, 1899 - 1927 in the Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1762 - 1917 (Record Group 94) that include index cards for Cotton, James - Unit: 151st Infantry, Company: F - Enlistment Rank: Pvt, Discharge Rank: Pvt and Cotton, James - Unit: 53rd Infantry, Company: D - Enlistment Rank: Pvt, Discharge Rank: Pvt.
These cards indicate that there should be compiled military service records (CMSRs) for these soldiers in the Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War in Record Group 94. Some CMSRs for soldiers of the 151st Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment and the 53rd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment have been digitized and are available online through the Catalog, the files for James Cotton of the 151st and James Cotton of the 53rd have not been digitized yet. There also may be pension records for them that have not been digitized.
To order records that have not already been digitized, please fill out a NATF Form 86 for the service records and a NATF Form 85 for the pension records and mail the completed forms to the address listed on the form. You also may place your order online using eservices.archives.gov. For more information see Requesting Copies of Older (pre-WWI) Military Service Records.
If the remains were claimed by his family and buried in a family, municipal, church, or state cemetery, the War Department did not document the location where soldiers were reburied. There may be documentation if the family applied for a veteran headstone. We searched the National Archives Catalog and located Applications for Headstones in Private Cemeteries, 1909 - 1924 in the Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General (Record Group 92) that includes applications for headstones for deceased members and veterans of the U.S. Army, including soldiers who fought in the Civil War. Because the practice of applying for headstones to mark the graves of soldiers was optional and not introduced until many years after the Civil War, not all graves for soldiers are documented in these records. For more information, email the National Archives at Washington, DC - Textual Reference (RDT1) at Archives1reference@nara.gov.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT1. Also, the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) has suspended reproduction and digitization services until further notice due to COVID-19. Orders will not be serviced until operations can resume safely. Once operations resume, document reproduction requests will be filled in the order in which they were received. We apologize for any inconvenience.
We searched the National Cemetery Administration Nationwide Gravesite and located 77 persons buried with that name buried in national cemeteries, but the only soldier whose date of death was in 1863 died 08/03/1863 and was buried in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
We recommend contacting the Gettysburg National Military Park or additional information. Also, because the Pennsylvania State Memorial was paid for by the State of Pennsylvania, the Pennsylvania State Archives may have records concerning its construction and the processes used to compile names. They also may have additional information concerning the service of soldiers and regiments of Pennyslvania Volunteers.
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your research!