Neither the indexes for the New York Passenger Arrival Lists for February or March 1887 on Familysearch.org or on Ancestry.com list anyone with the surname Carlson or similar born within 2 years of 1860 who appears to be your ancestor.
In 1887, the Inman Line ran a weekly service from Liverpool to New York. The following is a list of the ships, the dates of the passenger manifests, and URLs to the first page of each manifest on Familysearch.org. To be certain the indexers did not miss or misread your ancestor's name, you shall need to go through the manifests page by page.
City of Chester -- 12 February 1887 -- https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-5PDQ-V?i=702&wc=MX6L-DWL%3A165905901&cc=1849782
City of Berlin -- 19 February 1887 -- https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-5PCR-Y?i=852&wc=MX6L-DWL%3A165905901&cc=1849782
City of Richmond -- 27 February 1887 -- https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-5P4Y-7?i=974&wc=MX6L-DWL%3A165905901&cc=1849782
City of Chicago -- 7 March 1887 -- https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-5P57-W?i=271&wc=MX6L-8PD%3A165906101&cc=1849782
City of Montreal -- 14 March 1887 -- https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-5PGJ-B?i=433&wc=MX6L-8PD%3A165906101&cc=1849782
City of Berlin -- 19 March 1887 -- https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-5PLJ-B?i=588&wc=MX6L-8PD%3A165906101&cc=1849782
City of Chester -- 26 March 1887 -- https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939V-5PBF-3?i=821&wc=MX6L-8PD%3A165906101&cc=1849782
Henry's records are contradictory, and therefore unreliable. Have you checked the register of passports issued by Vaasa Provincial Government, https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/185988 ? Images of these registers should be accessible on line at any Family History Center once local pandemic restrictions have been lifted.
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Dear Ms. Carlson,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
We searched the National Archives Catalog and located the Population Schedules for the 1900 Census, the Population Schedules for the 1910 Census, the Population Schedules for the 1920 Census, the Population Schedules for the 1930 Census, and the Population Schedules for the 1940 Census in the Records of the Bureau of the Census (Record Group 29) that may include the Carlson family and indicate if and when they became citizens. Some of the schedules have been digitized in part or whole (for 1940 only). We also located Passenger Lists, 1820 - 1897 (M237) in the Records of the U.S. Customs Service (Record Group 36) and Passenger and Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, NY, 6/16/1897 - 7/3/1957 (M1066) in the Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (Record Group 85) that include his arrival. For access to the non-digitized schedules, M237 & M1066, please contact the National Archives at Washington, DC - Textual Reference (RDT1) via email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Ancestry has digitized all of the census schedules, M237 & M1066. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the National Archives has partnered with Ancestry to make the vast majority of their NARA-digitized holdings freely available to the public. Anyone with Internet access may create an account, access NARA records, and use other Ancestry resources, such as their educational offerings and family tree-maker application. For more information see Ancestry’s announcement -- “Free At-Home Education Resources From Ancestry® and Access to Nearly 500M National Archives Records”.
Check the census to determine if Henry or Louise ever became citizens. Prior to September 27, 1906, any "court of record" (municipal, county, state, or Federal) could grant United States citizenship. Records from state and local courts may be at Minnesota State Archives or county historical societies in Minnesota.
Beginning September 27, 1906, the responsibility for naturalization proceedings was transferred to the Federal courts. If a naturalization took place in a Federal court, naturalization indexes, declarations of intention (with any accompanying certificates of arrival), and petitions for naturalization will usually be in the National Archives facility serving the state in which the Federal court is located such as Chicago for Minnesota.
To ensure a successful request with the National Archives at Chicago (RM-CH), please include: name of petitioner (including known variants); date of birth; approximate date of entry to the US; approximate date of naturalization;where the individual was residing at the time of naturalization (city/county/state); and country of origin. Please contact RM-CH via email at email@example.com
In most cases, the National Archives will not have a copy of the certificate of citizenship. Two copies of the certificate were created – one given to the petitioner as proof of citizenship, and one forwarded to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). USCIS maintains duplicate copies of court records (including the certificate of citizenship) created September 27, 1906-March 31, 1956 within Certificate Files (C-Files). During WWII, non-citizens had to complete an Alien File (A-File). C-Files and certain A-Files can be requested through the USCIS Genealogy Program.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT1 and RM-CH]. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your family research!
[Information provided by Elizabeth Burnes, Subject Matter Expert]