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Dear Mr. Duke,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
We searched the National Archives Catalog and located the Population Schedules for the 1850 Census, the Population Schedules for the 1860 Census, the Population Schedules for the 1870 Census, the Population Schedules for the 1880 Census, the Population Schedules for the 1890 Census, the Population Schedules for the 1900 Census, and the Population Schedules for the 1910 Census in the Records of the Bureau of the Census (Record Group 29) that should include James Duke. Some of these schedules have been digitized and available online using the Catalog. We also located the Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations , 1903 - 1927 in the War Department Collection of Confederate Records (Record Group 109) that included a card file for Confederate Soldiers from the State of Tennessee - Duke, James M - First (Feild's) Infantry, D-H. It may be the card of your James M. Duke. Plus, we located a series titled Record Books of Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Offices of the Confederate Government in Record Group 109 that may contain Tennessee unit information. For access to the non-digitized records, please contact the National Archives at Washington, DC - Textual Reference (RDT1) via email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Some of these records have been digitized by Ancestry. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the National Archives has partnered with Ancestry to make the vast majority of their NARA-digitized holdings freely available to the public. Anyone with Internet access may create an account, access NARA records, and use other Ancestry resources, such as their educational offerings and family tree-maker application. For more information see Ancestry’s announcement -- “Free At-Home Education Resources From Ancestry® and Access to Nearly 500M National Archives Records”.
For his birth records, we suggest that you review the FamilySearch Research wiki for North Carolina and for his death certificate, please contact the Tennessee State Library and Archives. TSLA also may have a Confederate pension file for James Duke.
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your family research!