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We had a volunteer here at the museum who served in the last year of the war 1945-46 and was 17 at the time of enlistment. He is still alive and is 91 I believe.
In the US over 16 million men served during WWII, so they are likely still quite a number still alive. While the media and others have kept track of the oldest living service person from WWII, I don't know if there is anyway to find out who the youngest living veteran is.
Texas Military Forces Museum
Dear Ms. Hohl,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
The National Archives does not have information about former service personnel on file. The Federal agency most likely to have such information is the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), and there is no guarantee that their information is complete and current for all veterans as they are only involved in providing services to veterans and their survivors that apply for them rather than actively tracking all veterans throughout their lives. They also may be restricted in sharing specific names and birth dates of individuals for reasons of privacy.
While the minimum age for conscription was 18, 17 year olds could sometimes volunteer with parental consent. In regards to those that enlisted fraudulently at the age of 16 or below, one organization that may be able to assist you is the Veterans of Underage Military Service. You also may wish to contact Joshua Pollarine of Historical Research Associates, Inc who wrote Children at War: Underage Americans Illegally Fighting the Second World War.
We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your research!