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Dear Mr. Cahill,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
We searched the National Archives Catalog and located a series Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New Orleans, 1820 - 1902; and an additional 7 series in the Records of the U.S. Customs Service (Record Group 36). These RG 36 records are not yet digitized and available in the Catalog. For access to and/or copies, please contact the National Archives at Fort Worth (RM-FW) via email at email@example.com. We also located 5 file units for persons with the surname Bohnsack in the Records of District Courts of the United States that are digitized and available in the Catalog.
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your family research!
Have you heard of Findagrave?
For example August Henry Bohnsack. Ancestry.com has him born in Braunschweig, Germany; and death occurring at Dutchtown, Missouri, no sources. He arrived in Baltimore, Maryland from Bremen, Germany on the ship, Harvest, in October 1846.
[ Here's a source where to continue your research re: arrival: http://www.olivetreegenealogy.com/ships/tousa_md.shtml ]
I suggest you click your way through these entries, and there will be more information about these immigrants.
(Other varieties of the name that I've seen in the original sources: "Bohnensack, Bonesack (Americanised), Bahnsack" - so when you search databases, be sure to also enter these names.)
this is what I found in German websites and sources. The Bohnsacks (literally: sack of beans) left Germany indeed between 1847-1854.
Here's a German/English website: http://www.berel-am-ries.de/seiten/Auswanderer/Haieshausen.html
This book mentions the Bohnsack family 3x, on pages
Auswandererlisten des ehemaligen Herzogtums Braunschweig
ohne Stadt Braunschweig und Landkreis Holzminden
(Emigrant List from the former Duchy of Braunschweig 1846-1871, except the City of Braunschweig & the County of Holzminden, by Fritz Gruhne (surnames from the book))
This is the German emigration museum and their database.
You can try and find your ancestors' names in the database. There's a fee for sending the PDF results.
Corinna Pohlmann has written an entire book about the Braunschweig emigrants.
She mentions a man named Carl Wilhelm Bohnsack. He specificially says he wants to emigrate to USA, Missouri, because he has heard that others have had success there. With 800 "Talern" (money) in their pockets, they followed a tailor they know to Missouri. (page 311)
Another region where a Bohnsack family emigrated from was this region; Ambergau in Germany.
Finding Bohnsacks in this region today?
Here's the German phone book. I have pre-entered the search tearms: https://www.dastelefonbuch.de/Suche/Bohnsack/Haieshausen%20Stadt%20Einbeck
All theses cities are located in the triangle between Göttingen, Hannover and Braunschweig (200 km). See here: https://goo.gl/maps/MftxjQAnQ2dYEaQY8