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Dear Ms. Kohunsky,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
Rationing during World War II was the responsibility of the Office of Price Administration (OPA). We searched the National Archives Catalog and located multiple records relating specifically relating to ration books in the Records of the Office of Price Administration (Record Group 188). There are also many more records in Record Group 188 relating to rationing. We also have records of the Office of War Information (Record Group 208) about rationing. Some of our archival documents relating to rationing are also available on our educational website DocsTeach, and our online exhibit America on the Homefront. If you have questions about specific records, please post a follow up request on History Hub or contact the reference unit listed in the description.
Many other repositories have collections relating to World War II rationing, such as the Office of Price Administration Ration Cards collection, circa 1942 - 1946 at the Rauner Special Collections Library at Dartmouth College; the World War II ration coupon collection, 1942-1946 at the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library at Duke University; the World War II Rationing Collection 1942-1946 at the New York State Library, and the World War II Rationing Collection, 1942-1945 at the Special Collections & Archives, Aviator Library, California State University, North Ridge. The Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History has copies of Food Ration Stamps and Gasoline Ration Stickers. There are also multiple items relating to ration books at the Library of Congress. Your local libraries may have history books about World War II that discuss rationing.
Multiple designs of ration books, coupons, and tokens were used throughout the war, however, these designs were not specific to individual states. The only way of knowing where the book was issued is if the name and address of the recipient and the issuing office is filled out. The Henry Ford Museum has Gasoline Ration Stamps that were issued to a person living in Grosse Pointe, Michigan. The Michigan History Center, and Library of Michigan, the Historical Society of Michigan, and and various other museums, libraries and historical societies in Michigan might have or be able to help you locate other ration books, cards and coupons with a connection to Michigan.
Some of the many online sources about rationing during World War II include Rationing, Office Of Price Administration, These Photos Captured What Happened When the United States Started to Ration Shoes During WWII, Sacrificing for the Common Good: Rationing in WWII, Food Rationing in Wartime America, World War II Rationing on the Home Front, World War II and Rationing in the US, Rationing During World War II, Rationing, Ration Books, World War II on the Home Front: Civic Responsibility, Rationing and Recycling, and Rationing in the United States. Of particular interest is a brief pamphlet published by the OPA in 1946 entitled “Rationing in World War II.” A Google Image Search comes up many pictures of ration books. You may also be interested in wartime motion pictures explaining the rationing systems, such as this cartoon by Chuck Jones.
We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your research!
Thank you, Jason. This info is awesome, and much more than I expected! I really appreciate your taking the time to research and communicate with me. I look forward to checking out the resources you suggested, and sharing this with my cousins.