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Dear Mr. Morales,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
According to the US Census Bureau’s History page on Island and Outlying Areas, the Panama Canal Zone was considered to be under US jurisdiction and as such was included in the decennial census for 1910 through 1970. Censuses for the Canal Zone included military personnel stationed in the Canal Zone as well as their dependents who were also living in the Canal Zone. Articles and reports on how the censuses were carried out and the statistical findings of these censuses are available on the website of the Census Bureau, to include 1940, 1950, and 1960.
Decennial census records that include information about individuals are confidential for 72 years to protect respondents' privacy. The most recent census that is open to the public is the 1940 census. The 1950 records will be open to the general public on April 1, 2022 and the 1960 records will be open on April 1, 2032. Individuals may request their own records (before they are publicly available) via the Census Bureau's Age Search service. This service provides individual information from censuses that are still protected by the 72-year rule, but only to the named person, his or her heirs, or legal representatives. There is a Congressionally-mandated fee for this service. Individuals interested in requesting a search of their personal census records must complete and submit to the Census Bureau a form BC-600, Application for Search of Census Records, or a form BC-600sp, Solicitud Para Busqueda De Registros Censales.
Records of the 1940 Census can be accessed online for free through the Official 1940 Census Website and the Population Schedules for the 1940 Census via the National Archives Catalog. The records on both websites are not name indexed. To use them, you need to identify the enumeration district in which of the person you are searching for was residing and then read through the returns for that district.
There are also various genealogy websites such as Ancestry and FamilySearch that provide access to the 1940 records and earlier census records with name searchable indexing. Some websites may charge a fee for this service. Instead, you can access Ancestry for free at any National Archives location through the Archives Library Information Center (ALIC). Your local public and university libraries may also provide access to Ancestry or other genealogy websites to their patrons.
We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your research!