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Dear Ms. Phillips,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
We searched the National Archives Catalog and located Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1941 in the Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (Record Group 75) that comprise the National Archives Microfilm Publication No. M595 which may contain information that you are seeking about your great-grandfather. These records are not digitized and available yet in the Catalog.
However, they are digitized and available on Ancestry for you to search using U.S. Indian Census Rolls. There may be a fee for using Ancestry. Instead, you may view these records online at one NARA's facilities for free via a NARA PC. For the nearest NARA location, please consult our web page at https://www.archives.gov/locations/. Also, some of the images from Ancestry are available for free on Family Search at https://www.familysearch.org/en/.
We suggest that you search the National Archives website for background information about the Dawes Rolls or “Final Rolls.” These rolls contain lists of persons accepted between 1898 to 1914 by the Dawes Commission as members of five tribes which were Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chicasaw, and Seminole; and who were deemed eligible and entitled to an allotment of land, usually a homestead.
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your family research!