Dear Mr. Brandt,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
We searched the National Archives Catalog and located a series titled Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940 in the Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (Record Group 75). Many BIA agents or superintendents submitted these rolls to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs and include name, gender, age, birth date, agency, marital status, tribe, and family relations. These rolls are also indexed and available online at Ancestry and Fold3. However, prior to digitization, these records were only available via National Archives Publication M595. Please use NARA’s online Microfilm Catalog to learn which NARA units have copies of this microfilm publication. Take a look at our webpages for more information on the Indian Census Rolls
The State of Missouri’s Bureau of Vital Records has certificates of births dated from 1910 to the present via its Birth and Death Records Database. They recommend that you just enter the last name but you also may search by using all or part of a name. Information in this database includes name of child, date and place of birth, sex, and race; nationality, residence, and ages of parents, occupation and full name of father, maiden name of mother, name and address of medical or other attendant making return; in case of stillbirth, name of undertaker and place of burial.
We suggest that you also search for “Justice of the Peace” related information about your great grandfather among the historical newspapers of the St. Louis Dispatch.
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your family research!
[Some information provided by Cody White, Subject Matter Expert, & Meg Hecker]