2 Replies Latest reply on Jul 17, 2019 9:38 AM by Elle Austin

    Definition of "colored" in 1830 US Federal Census


      In the 1830 US Federal Census, did the category of "colored" include American Indians or just blacks? In the 1820 census, there was a column for "All other persons except Indians not taxed" in addition to the column for "Free Colored Persons" so I assume for that census, American Indians (not living on reservations) weren't included in "colored." But for the 1830 census, there is no "all other persons" column, so were American Indians counted as white or colored? I've looked at the 1830 instructions to marshals, Statutes at Large 383–89 (Act of 23 March 1830), and The History and Growth of the US Census by C D Wright and haven't been able to pin down the answer. Thanks in advance for your help!