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Dear Christy Viviano,
Thank you for posting your request to History Hub!
There is no single, comprehensive database listing all marshals and deputy marshals. The United States Marshal Service does maintain a Roll Call of Honour that provides an incomplete list of federal marshals, deputy marshals, special deputy marshals, and marshals guards that have given their lives in service to their nation. While there is no listing for Simeon J. Williams, that does not necessarily mean that your family history is inaccurate.
We contacted U.S. Marshals Historian David Turk about your inquiry, and he informed us that “...we are annually adding historical names to the USMS official Roll Call of Honor.” It is still possible that Simeon J. Williams was in fact a deputy U.S. marshal killed in the line of duty, however additional research would be needed to confirm this. A number of options exist for researching records related to marshals during the mid-19th century.
Researchers may contact USMS Historian David Turk on any subject of historical or genealogical interest in relation to U.S. Marshals. His phone number is (703) 740-1639 and his email address is David.Turk@usdoj.gov
The National Archives and Records Administration at College Park has General Records of the Department of Justice (Record Group 60), Records of U.S. Attorneys and Marshals (Record Group 118), and other record groups with information concerning federal marshals. For more information about these holdings, contact National Archives at College Park - Textual Reference (RDT2) via their email address email@example.com.
The Records of District Courts of the United States (Record Group 21) often have information related to U.S. Marshals. Federal court records for courts in Louisiana are at The National Archives at Fort Worth, TX. They can be contacted via the email address firstname.lastname@example.org.
Additional resources that might have pertinent information or research advice include the Louisiana States Archives, the State Library of Louisiana, the Louisiana Historical Society, period newspapers, and other state and local resources.
We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your family research!