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Dear Lee Evans,
Thank you for contacting History Hub!
According to Arlington National Cemetery’s information page on Civil War-related graves, sections 23 and 27 contain members of the United States Colored Troops, which consisted of both born free individuals and Freedmen. If you know the name of a specific individual, you can search for their Compiled Service Record at the National Archives to get more information. Click on this link to read more about this collection of service records.
According to the cemetery website, a “Freedmen’s Village” was also established on Arlington’s property in 1863, which was protected by the U.S.C.T. and run by the Freedmen’s Bureau. Although Arlington National Cemetery states that the individuals from that village who died were buried elsewhere, there are approximately 3,800 Freedmen from other local villages in section 27. Because this village was run by the Freedmen’s Bureau, researching their collections may yield more information. You can learn more about accessing Freedmen’s Bureau records through the National Archives by clicking this link. The National Museum of African American History and Culture has also invested in transcribing Freedmen’s Bureau records. To see more about their work, follow this link.
If you have any further questions, please don’t hesitate to ask. Best of luck with your research!