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As I'm sure you can imagine, civil rights in the United States is a very broad topic and one of ongoing concern. There have been many people involved over a very lengthy period of time, and any number of repositories might have something relevant to the topic.
It would help if you give us a more precise idea of what your research topic is. Are you looking specifically for presidential involvement in civil rights issues? Is there some specific aspect of civil rights that interests you, such as voting rights or segregation in the armed services?
If you haven't narrowed down your interests to something specific yet, some web pages that might help are the following:
Also, in regards to some of the presidents you mention, you can visit the websites of the following Presidential Libraries:
I would also suggest that any of the other presidential libraries will likely have material relevant to the topic.
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The long history of Civil Rights in America is richly documented in the holdings of the Library of Congress Manuscript Division. A significant body of primary material focusing on the African American experience is available through the Library’s website, where you can view selected papers of Frederick Douglass and Rosa Parks, along with other material that has been drawn from collecting units from all parts of the Library. The site also features the Civil Rights History Project, an oral history collaboration of the Library of Congress and the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC).
Many collections of original documents concerning African American history and culture are briefly discussed in The African-American Mosaic: A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History and Culture, edited by Debra Newman Ham, et al., and published in Washington by the Library of Congress in 1993. The book is available online through the HathiTrust website.
The Manuscript Division holds other important collections related to Civil Rights that have not been digitized by the Library. Among these are the records of organizations such as the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and the National Urban League. We also hold the papers of significant individuals such as Nannie Helen Burroughs, Ralph Ellison, A. Philip Randolph, Bayard Rustin, Mary Church Terrell, Booker T. Washington, and Carter G. Woodson. Finding aids for these collections are available through the division’s website.
The Manuscript Division also twenty-three groups of presidential papers, ranging in time from George Washington to Calvin Coolidge. They include a collection of Theodore Roosevelt’s papers dating from 1759 to1993 (bulk 1878-1919), and consisting of about 276,000 items in 973 containers plus 7 oversized boxes. The collection has been reproduced onto 485 microfilm reels. The Library published the three-volume Index to the Theodore Roosevelt Papers in 1969. It is keyed primarily to the proper names of Roosevelt's correspondents, and cannot be used to search the subjects of Roosevelt's letters. The Index is available electronically through links in the catalog record.
The papers of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Dwight D. Eisenhower are in the custody of their presidential libraries. Links for those libraries were supplied in Mr. Atkinson’s response.
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The Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum has a number of resources related to Civil Rights. They can be seen here: https://search.archives.gov/search?query=civil+rights&utf8=%E2%9C%93&affiliate=nixon-library
The Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum has the following resources related to Civil Rights. The search form is kinda unusual. You will have to scroll down a few rows to get to Ford Library Materials. https://www.fordlibrarymuseum.gov/ford_full_search.html
Jimmy Carter Presidential Library and Museum has a few records digitized in their Digital Library here: https://search.usg.edu/search?site=JCL_Digital_Library&output=xml_no_dtd&sort=date%3AD%3AL%3Ad1&client=jcl_digital_libra… A larger set of records can be found under this search but these are not digitized and you would need to visit the library or contact them to gain access to the records: https://search.usg.edu/search?site=Jimmy_Carter_Library&output=xml_no_dtd&sort=date%3AD%3AL%3Ad1&client=directory_fronte…
Archivists at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library and Museum have put together topic guides to assist researchers. The Topic Guide for Civil Rights is here: https://www.reaganlibrary.gov/sites/default/files/archives/textual/topics/civilrights.pdf and the topic guide for the Civil Rights Restoration Act is here: https://www.reaganlibrary.gov/sites/default/files/archives/textual/topics/civrghts1988.pdf
The George W. Bush Library has several collections related to Civil Rights that are publicly available. A list of those can be found at: https://bush41library.tamu.edu/archives/finding-aids/foia
If you are interested in more recent presidents the websites (and contact information) of the Clinton Presidential Library and Museum and the George W. Bush Library and Museum are here:
Clinton digital library https://clinton.presidentiallibraries.us/
George W. Bush Library https://www.georgewbushlibrary.smu.edu/en/Research