Can you be a little more specific? What time period are you asking about? Do you have specific instances in mind or is this a general question?
Sure, I'd love to.
We recently had the pleasure of interviewing the former head of the Russian Navy! In 1969, he was the executive officer of a Soviet destroyer that responded to the North Korean shootdown of a U.S. Navy plane. So I thought the U.S. Navy or CIA would have been interested in this fellow, not in 1969 but maybe when he became the head of the Russian Navy, or earlier.
When I asked the NHHC, they had nothing. Nor did the U.S. Navy....
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Dear Mr. Streifer,
Thank you for posting your request and follow-up request on History Hub!
If the CIA collected information on him, the documents you seek may be available via CREST (CIA Records Search Tool) at http://www.foia.cia.gov/search/. Information concerning CREST is provided on the CIA web site at http://www.foia.cia.gov/collection/crest-25-year-program-archive. Or if the NSA, in conjunction with the Army, gathered information, that dossier might be part of the Intelligence and Investigative Dossiers Personal Files, ca. 1977 - ca. 2004.
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your research!
I found what I needed at https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/collection/crest-25-year-program-archive
But it gets better.
When I asked the CIA for information on a specific Soviet naval officer, they responded:
"In accordance with Section 3.6(a) of Executive Order 13526, the CIA can neither confirm nor deny the existence or nonexistence of records responsive to your request. The fact of the existence or nonexistence of such records is itself currently and properly classified and is intelligence source and methods information protected from disclosure by Section 6 of the CIA Act of 1949, as amended, and Section 102A(i)(1) of the National Security of 1947, as amended. Therefore your request is denied pursuant to FOIA exemptions (b)(1) and (b)(3).
The trouble is, with your help, I was able to find information on that Soviet naval officer on a CIA webpage. Therefore, the CIA was mistaken when they said, "[we] can neither confirm nor deny the existence or nonexistence of records responsive to your request." Obviously responsive documents do exist, so I filed an appeal to the CIA's FOIA denial.