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Dear Mr. Crowley,
The records of the American Consulate at Trieste can be found here: United States Consular Records for Trieste, Italy, ca 1821-1923.
These records are in the custody of the Textual Reference Branch of the National Archives at College Park, MD. If you have questions regarding these records, please contact them at firstname.lastname@example.org. Thank you for your question to HistoryHub and best of luck in your research!
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Dear Mr. Crowley,
Thank you for your request to the History Hub. We received a few weeks ago your inquiry regarding this topic, and our search returned the same results as previously provided to you.
We searched the following records in Record Group 59: General Records of the Department of State and RG 84: Records of Foreign Service Posts of the Department of State:
●Name Card Index to the 1910-29 segment of the Department of State central files (RG 59);
●Index to Passports Issued Abroad, 1906-1918 (RG 59);
●Files of the U.S. consulate in Trieste relating to British interests (RG 84).
We located no evidence that an emergency passport was issued to James Joyce or to any other non-U.S. citizen. Such an action would have been illegal since those persons were not citizens of the United States.Sincerely,
Textual Reference Operation
National Archives at College Park, MD
Many thanks for these helpful replies.
I can’t speak to the legality of the practice but, during the First World War, when citizens of nations friendly to the US were stranded in countries with which they were now at war, US Embassies did indeed issue passports to non-US citizens. Such items occasionally still turn up at auction.
Here, for example, is an image of an emergency passport issued by the US Embassy in Berlin to a British subject, one Sara Goldstein, on 14 September 1914. The embassy officials simply altered a US emergency passport to resemble a British passport. (The image appears with an article on Neil Kaplan’s excellent passports site.)