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The primary source for documentation on U.S. foreign policy and events in various countries is the Department of State central file, part of RG 59: General Records of the Department of State. The records consist of communications back and forth between the Department of State and American diplomatic and consular posts, internal Departmental documentation, communications with other government agencies and private organizations and the public, communications with diplomatic and consular officials from other countries in the United States, and related materials. More detail is available on our website here: Foreign Policy Research Guide .
Records specifically relating to Saudi Arabia, oil, and labor are part of the central files. By following the previous link, you will learn more about the records in that series. There are also a number of office files (known as “lot files”) that are described in our catalog and relate to your search. You can view the file unit descriptions here: Search for ARAMCO within RG 59 and Saudi Arabia & Oil within RG 59.
The Department of State has published several volumes of Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) that relate to your topic; within those volumes, you will find digitally available documents. For example, a search for ARAMCO produced the following Search Results. It is possible that you will find other documents of interest. Besides providing the text of important foreign policy documents, FRUS also provides the source file numbers (printed either with the document or as footnotes) which are the keys to obtaining access not only to the printed item but to other documents on the same subject but not selected for publication. The records used in FRUS are generally housed at the National Archives in College Park in the aforementioned series.
We wish you the best with your research; please reply to this post if you have any questions.