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Here’s more information about the Dawes Rolls on the National Archives website: Dawes Records of the Five Civilized Tribes: Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole Tribes in Oklahoma. The National Archives also has more general information about researching Native American individuals here.
The information you find in the Dawes Rolls can link you to other types of records in the National Archives’ holdings. The Dawes Rolls listed individuals and families eligible for land allotments from the federal government, and those allotment records are digitized and available through Ancestry.com, Fold3.com, and FamilySearch.com. As you probably have noticed, both Ancestry and Fold3 are paid genealogical sites, but you can access them for free at any National Archives research facility. You may also be able to access these sites through a local library. FamilySearch is available free, but includes only the citation to the record and not digital images.
If your ancestors lived on a federal reservation, you can search the National Archives catalog for any records relating to that reservation and its inhabitants. (These records were usually created or maintained by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.) You could also try a name search in the catalog for your ancestors- you never know what might turn up! If you find records in the catalog that you are interested in, contact information for the reference office responsible for those records is listed at the bottom of the page.
The Oklahoma Historical Society, which is a National Archives-affiliated archive, also holds federal records related to Native Americans. Their website is here: http://www.okhistory.org/research/index.php
We hope this is helpful, and good luck with the rest of your search!