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You may want to try Record Group 120 for WW1 military records , and Record Group 59, for the State Department and foreign policy telegrams and messages?
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Hello Ms. Koch,
For diplomatic records we searched General Records of the Department of State (Record Group 59) and Records of the Foreign Service Posts of the Department of State (Record Group 84) for information regarding prisoners of war, whose decimal file code is 711.4. Unfortunately records of that kind from either record group were not yet compiled or they strictly concern American prisoners-of-war. You may still want to contact the National Archives’ reference staff--the e-mail address is below.
On the army side it’s a different matter. Records of the American Expeditionary Forces (World War I) is its own record group (120) and it contains at least seven series that concern “German Prisoners” under American control. Follow the link here to the National Archives Catalog and take a look. If these types of records are useful and you wish to know more, please send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. Naturally these records only span the second half of the time frame you’re researching.
Service historique de la défense, Archives nationales de France, or the Bundesarchiv will likely be better resources.
Bon chance!/Viel Glück!
Hello Mr. Champion,
Merci . Thank you for your very helpful reply, I will look into it.
The first half of the time frame I'm researching would have been interesting regarding the U.S. mediation role as a protective power.
I have already been at the Archives nationales de France and at the SHAT (and found a lot), Bundesarchiv will be my next destination.
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In that case I'd recommend submitting your inquiry to email@example.com and ask for David Langbart's assistance. If any NARA staff are aware of or know how to constructively search for records of US mediation efforts in World War I, he does.