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Hi Stephen -
Within this series, World War II Operations Reports, there are a few boxes that might contain what you're looking for. Some of these contain general orders which might have a brief description of the incident which earned him the Bronze Star. After Action reports also might contain information on the injury that earned him the Purple Heart. You'll need to look both for immediately following the incident, and for several months after - it will depend on when the award was given.
Boxes 11674-11765, 11678, and 11735 all contain records on the 100th Infantry Division. For more information on the filing scheme and these records, you can contact Archives2Reference@archives.gov at the National Archives at College Park, MD.
Best of luck!
A follow up question, Would the citation be in what is called, General Orders?
Would I find these GOs in the 100th Reports or in the 398th Regimental Reports? or both?
I'm just trying to narrow down what reports I should request. Thanks!
Would that email address be correct? I tried to send a email and it was returned twice. Just sent a third time. It could be a typo on my end as well, but just checking. thanks!
Hi Stephen -
On my end it doesn't look like a typo, but I'm going to copy it again here, just in case. Maybe copy and paste it into your email "To" field so no chance of typos? Archives2reference@nara.gov
My father served with Company A, 398th Infantry, 100th Infantry Division in World War II. I have some information related to the 100th Infantry Division (websites, facebook groups, etc) that may be helpful in your research. Feel free to contact me at my personal email address for more details. Or I will post that information here if you prefer.
Also, FYI, I sent a research request to Archives2Reference@archives.gov about three weeks ago. I did not receive any confirmation of receipt, but I did not receive a "failure to deliver" message either, so I presume that my message was received. I visited the National Archives personally last week (I live in Washington DC) and asked about the process for receiving replies to research requests. I was told that one should expect a reply within ten (10) days of the Archives receipt and review of the email, but it was not clear to me when exactly the 10-day clock begins. It sounded to me that when the clock starts can depend on several factors, including the complexity of the question and how many other questions the staff is reviewing. My suggestion to NARA is that they create an "automatic reply" message to research requests sent to Archives2Reference@archives.gov that confirms receipt of a research request email message and also explains the process and timetable for review and response to the request by NARA staff.
Thank you for the offer Stephen, I'll send you an email privately for that additional info you may have.
I did get a response from the NARA about this request. In a nutshell, they could not research the request if they do not know the Unit that issued the award, the General Order number or the G.O. date. But please stop by the NARA in College Park, MD and search for yourself or hire someone. So, a dead end I guess.
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Just to get things started, here are two links that might be of interest:
UNIT PERSONNEL DOCUMENTS
Unit personnel documents, such as general orders announcing the award of certain decorations (Distinguished Service Crosses, Silver Stars, Bronze Stars, etc.) or badges (Combat Infantryman's Badge, Combat Medics' Badge, etc.) are available also, although their completeness is sometimes questionable. Fortunately, comprehensive rosters for most decorations -- as well as complete personnel assignment rosters -- are available in the original printing of The Story of the Century, the Division history published in 1946 by the Criterion Press in New York (See Books About the 100th Infantry Division.) Researchers should be aware that the unit personnel assignment rosters are not included in the 1980s Battery Press reprint of The Story of the Century.
The Regiment of the Century (397th Inf Regt published history) also contains extensive awards information, including excerpts from citations for the Legion of Merit, Silver Star, Distinguished Service Cross, and Medal of Honor.
National Archives holdings include the following personnel reports.
100th Inf Div G-1 Journal
Nov 1944 - May 1945
Recap of G-1 Journal Reports
100th Inf Div Awards - General Orders
Jan - Apr 1945
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And here is some information about General Orders of the 398th Infantry Regiment.
Index to the General Orders of the 398th Infantry Regiment, in World War II by Brandon T. Wiegand, Paperback, 107 pages.
Published December 31st 2004 by D-Day Militaria
ISBN 1932891455 (ISBN13: 9781932891454)
I checked Amazon.com. The book is listed as “Currently Unavailable” there.
According to the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC), WorldCat, the book is available at the Library of Congress, the US Army Heritage & Education Center in Carlisle, PA, and the Mid-Continent Public Library in Independence, MO.