2 Replies Latest reply on Nov 18, 2021 10:30 AM by Elliot Schneider

    Seeking enlistment, years serve & citizen status of 9 Norwegians

    Luci J Baker Johnson Adventurer

      I'm interested in locating the document or source that indicates the enlistment date of a Civil War soldier---prior to the draft act. I have eight soldiers who enlisted in Infantries that were formed from men who lived in Iowa. The specific Infantries are:

      • Iowa   3rd Inf., Co. D, Ole Anderson (28) who enlisted on May 21, 1861;
      • Iowa 12th Inf., Co. G, Gustav O. Hanson (26); Andrew Linnevold (20); Anton Anderson (24); Andrew A. Anderson (20) who enlisted October 9, 1861;
      • Iowa 38th Inf., Co. E, George Anderson/Linnevold (26) who enlisted August 15, 1962


      Also the same question for a soldier who enlisted in California and Wisconsin

      • California  2nd Cavalry , Co. K, Ole C. Hanson (24) who enlisted in San Francisco, CA. on September 27, 1861
      • Wisconsin  3rd Inf., Co. D, Albert Skofstad (21) who enlisted at Waupun, WI on April 22, 1861
      • Wisconsin 15th Inf., Co. K, Even Skofstad (27) who enlisted in 1861, but don't have the exact date


      I'm wanting to learn where I can locate the number of months they agreed to, as well as the physical exam details that were captured when they enlisted. I know where to find those details after the DRAFT, but not before.


      Also. did foreign born soldiers obtain citizenship when they completed their service commitment? I have eight civil war soldiers that enlisted into unites associated with the American Civil War--who were foreign (Norway) born. They had immigrated, from Norway to America between the years of 1840 and 1856. When the civil war began, these new immigrants wanted to fight for their newly adopted country. They enlisted BEFORE the draft was instituted and completed their full-term service. Did these men 'earn' their citizenship by successfully serving? If so, where can I locate that information. All eight enlisted in unites formed in Iowa, Wisconsin, and California. Three of the eight RE-ENLISTED and were mustered in --- in January 1864 and September 1864. Where will I find the primary source pertaining to the citizenship?

        • Re: Seeking enlistment, years serve & citizen status of 9 Norwegians
          Jason Atkinson Guide

          Dear Ms. Johnson,


          Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!


          The specific term on enlistment will be on the soldier's enlistment paper if a copy is available in their Compiled Military Service Records (CMSRs). Sometimes, a service record can include a copy of an examination paper. Please note that not all CMSRs have this information.


          We searched the National Archives Catalog and located the series Indexes to the Carded Records of Soldiers Who Served in Volunteer Organizations During the Civil War in the Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1762 - 1917 (Record Group 94) that includes index cards for [Iowa] Anderson, Ole A - 3rd Infantry, Company D; [Iowa] Hanson, Gustavus O - 12th Infantry, Company G; [Iowa] Anderson, Anton E - 12th Infantry, Company G; [Iowa] Anderson, Andrew - 12th Infantry, Company G; [Iowa] Anderson, George - 38th Infantry, Company E; [California] Hanson, Ole C - 2nd Cavalry, Company K,M; [Wisconsin] Skofstad, Albert - 3rd Infantry, Company D; and [Wisconsin] Skofstad, Albert - 15th Infantry, Company D. These index cards have been digitized and are available using the Catalog. For more information about the non-digitized records, please email the National Archives at Washington, DC - Textual Reference (RDT1) at archives1reference@nara.gov.


          The index cards indicate that there should be Compiled Military Service Records (CMSRs) for these soldiers in the record series Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War in Record Group 94. Some of these records have been digitized and are available using the Catalog. Unfortunately, the records for Iowa, California, and Wisconsin Volunteers have not been microfilmed or digitized. For more information about the non-digitized records, please email RDT1 at archives1reference@nara.gov.


          Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT1. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.


          In regards to your question about naturalization, immigrants who served in the military during the Civil War did not automatically receive citizenship. They were given an expedited path to naturalization.  12 Stat. 597 issued July 17, 1862 stated that aliens who received honorable discharges from the US Army were not required to file declarations and could become citizens after one year residency.


          Prior to September 27, 1906, any "court of record" (municipal, county, state, or Federal) could grant United States citizenship. Often petitioners went to the court most geographically convenient for them. As a general rule, the National Archives does not have naturalization records created in state or local courts. However, a few indexes and records have been donated to the National Archives from counties, states, and local courts. Researchers should contact the National Archives facility serving the state in which the petitioner resided to determine if records from lower courts are available. In certain cases county court naturalization records maintained by the National Archives are available as microfilm publications.  Records from state and local courts are often at state archives or county historical societies.


          We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your research!


          [Some information provided by Elizabeth Burnes, Subject Matter Expert]


          • Re: Seeking enlistment, years serve & citizen status of 9 Norwegians
            Elliot Schneider Ranger




            When did this photo of the grave for Even get posted was this stone recently


            Larger memorial image loading...




            I searched the Wisconsin Veterans Museum they have a wonderful civil war database for Wisconsin soldiers. https://wisvetsmuseum.com/research/civil-war-database/



            Here is some information base on the two individuals from Wisconsin. The Database actually has them listed as the same person but these two individuals are different people they were brothers. The biggest thing I saw was that they did not have a CMSR for Evan which clearly they served two different regiments, I do believe that when these records were being transcribed and hand written in those days somebody thought they were the same person I'm guessing. But now you have the pension card showing Albert's wife so you know that they are two different individuals.



            This photo below that you have listed for Even is actually Albert and not Even you can tell by the officers insignia on his shoulders this was captain bars



            Larger memorial image loading...









            1860s Census Record for Albert shows him as a Prison Guard.



            Name:Albert Skofsted[]
            Birth Year:abt 1840
            Birth Place:Norway
            Home in 1860:Waupun Village South Ward, Dodge, Wisconsin
            Post Office:Waupun
            Dwelling Number:177
            Family Number:178
            Occupation:Prison Guard
            Household MembersAge
            H C Hegs30
            Cornelia Hegs26
            James E Hegs8
            Hilda S Hegs6
            Annette Hegs3
            Evan Hegs11
            Albert Skofsted20
            H K Demoe26
            William Booth31
            George Woodruff33




            Albert's Pension record showing spouse. He is buried here. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/29661689/albert-johannesen-skofstad


            Also here is a copy of Albert's Headstone Application.






            Ole J Skoftsad bio, 1892 Boone County, IL history.1


            Ole J Skoftsad bio, 1892 Boone County, IL history.2




            Name:Albert Skofstad
            Enlistment Date:22 Apr 1861
            Enlistment Rank:Private
            Muster Date:22 Apr 1861
            Muster Place:Wisconsin
            Muster Company:D
            Muster Regiment:3rd Infantry
            Muster Regiment Type:Infantry
            Muster Information:Enlisted
            Muster Out Date:25 Jan 1862
            Muster Out Information:disch disability
            Side of War:Union
            Survived War?:Yes
            Residence Place:Norway, Wisconsin
            Title:Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers: War of the Rebellion


            Name:Albert Skofstad
            Enlistment Date:14 Jan 1862
            Enlistment Rank:First Lieutenant
            Muster Date:14 Jan 1862
            Muster Place:Wisconsin
            Muster Company:D
            Muster Regiment:15th Infantry
            Muster Regiment Type:Infantry
            Muster Information:Commission
            Rank Change Date:20 Apr 1862
            Rank Change Rank:Capt
            Muster Out Date:2 Mar 1864
            Muster Out Information:Resigned
            Side of War:Union
            Survived War?:Yes
            Was Officer?:Yes
            Residence Place:Waterford, Wisconsin
            Title:Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers: War of the Rebellion

            1 person found this helpful