Dear Ms. Friend,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
We searched the National Archives Catalog and located the series Records Relating to Enemy Prisoners of War During World War II, 1942-1947 in the Records of the Office of the Provost Marshal General (Record Group 389) that includes death lists of Germans, Japanese, and Italians sent to the International Red Cross. We also located the series Numeric-Subject Correspondence Files Relating to Internment, Care, and Labor of Prisoners of War, 1942-1946 in Record Group 389 that includes 30 files related to POW mail and censorship, the Red Cross, and the State Department that might be relevant for your research. The series Prisoner of War (POW)/Civilian Internee Information Center Subject Files, 1942-1974 and the series Subject Files, 1942-1946 in Record Group 389 might also be of interest to you since they contain some broader information related to the administration of and policies for POW camps. These records have not been digitized. You may contact the National Archives at College Park - Textual Reference (RDT2) at email@example.com for assistance with these and similar records. Please include as much information in your request as possible, such as specific POW/PW camp names and locations and dates of interest.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT2. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.
More information about the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the Second World War is available on the ICRC’s website. In general, the treatment of all prisoners of war during World War II was governed by international laws like the Third Geneva Convention, 1929. You may wish to explore the online information provided by the ICRC to learn more.
We also located the Smithsonian Magazine article German POWs on the American Homefront that may be of interest to you.
Finally, if you are interested in learning more about a specific German prisoner, please note that the personnel records of World War II German prisoners of war were returned to Germany. For access to these records, please write to the Bundesarchiv - Abteilung PA, Eichborndamm 179, 13403 Berlin, Germany. The email address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your research!
Many thanks for these leads!