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Dear Mr. Boone,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
We searched the National Archives Catalog and located the series United States Consular Records for Canton, China, 1845 - 1948 in the Records of the Foreign Service Posts of the Department of State (Record Group 84) that includes 500 correspondence files which may contain information from Congressman Caleb Cushing who was involved in the first treaty negotiation. For information about the non-digitized records, please contact the National Archives at College Park - Textual Reference (RDT2) at firstname.lastname@example.org.
We also located the series Despatches from Diplomatic Officers, 1789 - 1906 in Record Group 59 that includes the file units the file unit Despatches from U.S. Ministers to China, 1843-1906 and Despatches from Diplomatic Officers, China which contains the Despatch from United States Minister to China John Elliott Ward to Secretary of State Lewis Cass (Despatch Number 19). The correspondence relates to the Treaty of Tientsin and the Scroll from the Hsien-feng Emperor of China to the President of the United States, James Buchanan. Some of these records have been digitized and are available using the Catalog. In addition, we located the series Despatches from U.S. Consular Officers, 1789 - 1906 in the General Records of the Department of State (Record Group 59) that includes file units titled Despatches from U.S. Consuls in Macao, China, 1849-1869; Despatches from U.S. Consuls in Shanghai, China, 1847-1906; Despatches from U.S. Consuls in Amoy, China, 1844-1906; Despatches from U.S. Consuls in Canton, China, 1790-1906; Despatches from U.S. Consuls in Foochow, China, 1849-1906; and Despatches from U.S. Consuls in Ningpo, China, 1853-1896 that may provide additional information about the treaties or the aftermath. For information about the non-digitized records, please contact RDT2 at email@example.com.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT2. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.
Lastly, we located two articles on the Office of the State Department Historian website titled The Opening to China Part I: the First Opium War, the United States, and the Treaty of Wangxia, 1839–1844 and The Opening to China Part II: the Second Opium War, the United States, and the Treaty of Tianjin, 1857–1859.
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your research!
Thank you so much for the detailed and fast response. This will help me greatly along with the data I am hoping to obtain from the British Archives in Kew.