2 Replies Latest reply on Oct 1, 2021 2:09 PM by Jason Atkinson

    Seeking Confederate Secretary of War Letters Received

    Richard Armstrong Newbie

      I need to check the Confederate Secretary of War letters received for information regarding a soldier named Andrew J. "Jack" Robertson / Robinson, and a soldier with the last name Gum.  In August 1862 these two men were executed for desertion.  There may be a file regarding them in that series.  A quick check of the index to the letters should reveal if there is anything there. Also, in RG 109, Confederate Manuscripts (which I hope will be digitized soon), there is a file regarding coffins for soldiers in Manuscript number 1560. I need this information for a book I am working on. Can someone help?

        • Re: Seeking Confederate Secretary of War Letters Received
          Elliot Schneider Ranger

          Richard,

           

           

          Here is Information on James B. Gum

           

           

           

          Name:Jas B Gum
          Birth Date:abt 1841
          Birth Place:Bath
          Death Date:31 May 1862
          Death Place:Highland County, Virginia
          Death Age:21
          Occupation:Farmer
          Race:White
          Marital status:Single
          Gender:Male
          Father Name:Abraham Gum
          Mother Name:M. Gum

           

           

           

           

          Name:James W. B. Gum
          Birth Date:1844
          Birth Place:Highland County, Virginia
          Enlistment Rank:Private
          Muster Place:Virginia
          Muster Company:F
          Muster Regiment:25th Infantry
          Muster Regiment Type:Infantry
          Muster Information:Enlisted
          Casualty Date:9 Aug 1862
          Casualty Place:Cedar Mountain, Virginia
          Type of Casualty:Wounded
          Casualty Information:No further record
          Side of War:Confederacy
          Residence Place:Highland County, Virginia
          Occupation:Farmhand
          Title:The Virginia Regimental Histories Series

           

           

           

          Name:James B Gum
          Enlistment Age:21
          Birth Date:18 Jun 1840
          Enlistment Date:30 Mar 1862
          Enlistment Place:Camp Alleghany, West Virginia
          Enlistment Rank:Private
          Muster Date:30 Mar 1862
          Muster Place:Virginia
          Muster Company:F
          Muster Regiment:25th Infantry
          Muster Regiment Type:Infantry
          Muster Information:Enlisted
          Muster Out Date:19 Apr 1862
          Muster Out Place:Camp Shenandoah, Virginia
          Muster Out Information:deserted
          Side of War:Confederacy
          Survived War?:Yes
          Death Date:31 May 1862
          Occupation:Farmer
          Title:The Virginia Regimental Histories Series

           

          Here is some information on the individual you are seeking, and where he is buried. Additionally, it has a nice detailed information on his desertion/execution. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/110199440/andrew-j-robertson

           

           

          first executions for desertion in the Army of Northern Virginia took place at Mount Pisgah Church on August 19, 1862, when three men of Brigadier General William B. Taliaferro's division and two from Brigadier General Jubal A. Early's division—all from the Shenandoah Valley or from the counties of what is now West Virginia—were shot by firing squad under orders from Lieutenant General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson. As Colonel Samuel Bassett French, Jackson's aide, wrote, "the preservation of the army itself was dependent on the maintenance of discipline, and discipline could not be had if desertions were longer to go unpunished."

           

           

           

          Name:Andrew J. Robertson
          Side:Confederate
          Regiment State/Origin:Virginia
          Regiment:25th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Heck's)
          Company:F
          Rank In:Private
          Rank Out:Private
          Film Number:M382 roll 47

           

          Name:Andrew J Robertson
          Enlistment Age:24
          Birth Date:1837
          Birth Place:Highland County, Virginia
          Enlistment Date:11 Jun 1861
          Enlistment Place:Hevener's Store, Virginia
          Enlistment Rank:Private
          Muster Date:11 Jun 1861
          Muster Place:Virginia
          Muster Company:F
          Muster Regiment:25th Infantry
          Muster Regiment Type:Infantry
          Muster Information:Enlisted
          Muster Out Date:1 Jul 1861
          Muster Out Information:Transferred
          Side of War:Confederacy
          Survived War?:No
          Residence Place:Highland County, Virginia
          Occupation:Farmer
          Notes:Deserted, Date and place unknown
          Additional Notes 2:Muster 2 Date: 01 Jul 1861; Muster 2 Place: Virginia; Muster 2 Company: E; Muster 2 Regiment: 31st Infantry; Muster 2 Regiment Type: Infantry; Muster 2 Information: Transferred; MusterOut 2 Date: 19 Aug 1862; MusterOut 2 Information: Shot for desertion;

           

           

           

          1 person found this helpful
          • Re: Seeking Confederate Secretary of War Letters Received
            Jason Atkinson Ranger

            Dear Mr. Armstrong,

             

            Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!

             

            We searched the National Archives Catalog and located Letters Received by the Confederate Secretary of War (microfilmed as Microfilm Publication M437) which is indexed by Index to Letters and Telegrams Received by the Confederate Secretary of War (microfilmed as Microfilm publication M409) in the War Department Collection of Confederate Records (Record Group 109).  We also located  Confederate Manuscripts in Record Group 109 that includes the digitized item Receipt for Coffins for Confederate Soldiers, which is available via the Catalog. For more information about these records, please contact the National Archives at Washington, DC - Textual Reference (RDT1) at archives1reference@nara.gov.

             

            Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT1. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.

             

            In addition, we searched WorldCat and located listings for Letters received by the Confederate Secretary of War, 1861-1865 (M437) and Index to the letters received by the Confederate Secretary of War, 1861-65 (M409) that indicates copies of these microfilm publications are available at multiple libraries.  You may wish to check with your local public and university libraries to see if they have any copies not listed in WorldCat.

             

            We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your research!