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Dear Kerry Farnsworth,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
For information about the U.S. Census, see the Census Bureau technical documentation and questionnaires as well as NARA’s page on Census Records. These two resources are very helpful in determining what information was collected during each census and the Census Bureau’s page offers PDF’s of blank Census schedules for easier viewing.
If you are interested, during the data collection for the 1850 and 1860 census, two questionnaires were compiled - one for free inhabitants and one for slaves. For more information, please see the Questionnaire & Instructions for the 1850 and 1860 census.
Additionally the US Census Bureau has quite a few resources available for analyzing the census records and we have included links that may be helpful. Some of these links are more generalized for scholastic research and some are more specific to racial data.
Racial Statistics published in Reports: https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census/decade.html
Resources for schools:
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your research!
Your question is kind of vague. Aggregate data? Data about individual persons? If you are looking for data in an electronic format may find the data you want in the format you want on this website: https://usa.ipums.org/usa/ It is the first place I would go look for historical census data in an electronic format.