1 Reply Latest reply on Sep 7, 2021 1:40 PM by Rebecca Collier

    What does "NHTC" mean?

    Maria Mend Newbie

      Good afternoon. I am trying to find out what does "NHTC" mean regarding Aliens Held for Special Inquiry? I found it in a record of a passenger who was held for Special Inquiry at Ellis Island Port in 1939 and then deported. I found also the date, page, and secretary before she held the pre-hearing, it seems that she appealed the decision. Is it possible to find the document of the hearing or the appealing?  Many thanks to everyone.

        • Re: What does "NHTC" mean?
          Rebecca Collier Ranger

          Dear Ms. Mend,


          Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!


          We are not able to determine what the acronym NHTC means. Seeing the record may provide context for the use of it. Please review the NARA INS Boards of Special Inquiry Records web page for more information, especially the Record of Aliens Held for Special Inquiry, in A Guide to Interpreting Passenger List Annotations by Marian L. Smith (former historian at the USCIS).


          For records of the Boards of Special Inquiry (BSI), we searched the National Archives Catalog and located the Subject Index to Correspondence and Case Files, 1903 - 3/31/1957 (T458) in the Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (Record Group 85) that serves as an index to part of the Subject and Policy Files, 1906 - 1957 in Record Group 85, which may include a record of the BSI appeal hearings held at Ellis Island  in 1939. For access to these records, please contact the National Archives at Washington DC - Textual Reference (RDT1) via email at archives1reference@nara.gov.


          Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT1. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.


          Please note that not all of the BSI related files survive.  Records from most ports were destroyed years ago.  Today, files exist only for cases appealed to INS headquarters in Washington, DC.  There is usually no surviving record for non-appealed exclusion hearings, which made up the majority of cases. 


          We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your research!


          [Some information provided by Elizabeth Burnes, Subject Matter Expert]

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