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Dear Mr. Disney,
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Native American fought on both sides of the American Revolution and records concerning engmentment with and units that engaged with Native Americans will be intermixed with other records concerning the war rather than being segregated into their own record groups or series. We searched the National Archives Catalog and located the record groups War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records (Record Group 93) and the Records of the Continental and Confederation Congresses and the Constitutional Convention (Record Group 360) which include records concerning the American Revolutionary War. The National Archives topic page The American Revolution highlights some of the most frequently used records concerning the American Revolution in National Archives custody.
We searched the National Archives Catalog and located the series Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Served in Volunteer Units During the Post-Revolutionary War Period in the Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1762 - 1917 (Record Group 94) that documents the military service of soldiers from 1784 through 1811. Many These records have been digitized and are available using the Catalog.
We also located the series Muster Rolls of Volunteer Organizations During the War with Northwest Indians, 1790 - 1795; Muster Rolls of Volunteer Organizations In Various Indian Wars and Other Incidents Requiring the Employment of Troops, 1794 - 1858; and Muster Rolls of Regular Army Organizations, 1784 - 10/31/1912; and Returns of Killed and Wounded in Battles or Engagements with Indians, British Troops, and Mexican Troops (documenting 1790 - 1848); adn Summaries Relating to the History of Various Regular Army Units ca. 1789 - 1902 in the Record Group 94 that includes information related to units engaged in conflicts with the Native Americans in the 1790s.
Next, we located Correspondence Relating to Indian Affairs, Military Pensions, and Fortifications, 1791 - 1797 and Unregistered Letters Received, 1789 - 1861 in the Records of the Office of the Secretary of War (Record Group 107); Journal of Expenses Relating to Indians, 5/15/1792 - 3/30/1793 in the Records of the Accounting Officers of the Department of the Treasury (Record Group 217); and Lists of Organizations Participating in Indian Wars and Other Disturbances (documenting 1787 - 1873) in the Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs (Record Group 15).
The National Archives has a total of 379 record series concerning the War Department from the 1700s through 1810 in various record groups which may include additional record series with records related to conflicts with Native Americans.
For more information about these records, please email the National Archives at Washington, DC - Textual Reference (RDT1) at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Further, we located Records Relating to Treaties with Indian Tribes, 1789 - 1871 and Records of Early Select Committees, 1789 - 1921 in the Records of the U.S. Senate (Record Group 46) and 16 record series from the Records of the U.S. House of Representatives (Record Group 233) that cover the period from 1789 through 1800. For more information about these records, please contact the Center for Legislative Archives (LL) at email@example.com
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT1 and LL. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.
For more information about militia units as well as state government involvement in conflict with Natives Americans, please contact the relevant State Archives.
Founders Online is a National Archives website that makes available transcriptions of the Papers of George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams (and family), Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison. These documents may include information regarding conflicts with Native American from 1776 through 1800.
The Papers of the War Department 1784-1800 is an attempt to reconstitute many of the records lost in the November 8, 1800, fire which devastated the War Office, through transcribing additional copies of records which were located in other repositories.
We suggest that you examine the papers of the first three Secretaries of War. The Massachusetts Historical Society maintains the Henry Knox Papers and the Timothy Pickering Papers. The Library of Congress maintains the James McHenry papers.
Many of these conflicts would have been reported in period newspapers. The Library of Congress’s e Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers provides searchable copies of many historical newspapers as well as information on accessing additional newspapers.
Finally, you may wish to search libraries for books on this topic and examine their bibliographies for further research leads.
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your research!