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This list just gives the annual number of deportees back to 1892. Table 39. Aliens Removed or Returned: Fiscal Years 1892 to 2019 | Homeland Security (dhs.gov)
The yearbooks of annual statistics seem on only go back to 1996.
Some early 20th C deportation records would be in NARA record group 85.2 Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service [INS] | National Archives
Dear Mr. Jane-Torrent,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
We searched the National Archives Catalog and located the following series Subject and Policy Files, 1906 - 1957 in the Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (Record Group 85) that includes 104 file units and 15 items pertaining to deportation from 1900 to 1949. Some of these items and file unts have been digitized and are available using the Catalog. For more information about the non-digitized records, please contact National Archives at Washington, DC - Textual Reference (RDT1) at Archives1reference@nara.gov.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT1. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.
You may also be interested in reviewing the information in Chapter 1: The Nation’s Immigration Laws, 1920 to Today from the Pew Research Center website and the publication titled Annual report of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (1965) by the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service and available online through the Internet Archives.
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your research!