1 Reply Latest reply on Aug 5, 2021 8:17 AM by Rachael Salyer

    Seeking 1940 Overseas Enumerations

    Mark McKenzie Wayfarer

      In Census Bureau Technical Paper 62 by Karen M Mills she mentions in the Overview that 'Although microfilm of 1940 census records shows Americans abroad enumerated on census schedules...' https://books.google.com/books?id=Q4ZC35u49OsC  Although such records can be found for 1930 enumeration... I've yet to be able to find any for citizens abroad in 1940 Census.  Raw totals may have been provided to the Census Bureau for their use by the respective Federal agencies [Mentioned in same Technical Paper]. The Technical Paper seems pretty clear that the author viewed microfilm of such records... Would appreciate any thoughts/information of the subject

        • Re: Seeking 1940 Overseas Enumerations
          Rachael Salyer Pioneer

          Dear Mr. McKenzie,


          Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!


          According to Americans Overseas in U.S. Censuses (Bureau of Census Technical Paper 62, 1993) by Karen M. Mills, page 3, “... a 1950 census report stated that in the 1940 census, the War and Navy Departments provided the Census Bureau with the number of their personnel stationed abroad, and the State Department furnished counts of Americans in the diplomatic service abroad and their dependents living with them.” 


          Regardless of whatever information was collected for persons in places other than U.S. territories and possessions (listed below), it was not retained and it is not in the National Archives custody. Such information appears to have been collected for informational or statistical purposes only.


          For 1940, there are census schedules for the Canal Zone, Alaska, Hawaii, Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.


          We searched the National Archives Catalog and located the series Population Schedules for the 1940 Census and the series  Enumeration District and Related Maps, 1880-1990 in the Records of the Bureau of the Census (Record Group 29) that might be of interest to you. Most of these records have been digitized and may be viewed online via the Catalog. You may contact the National Archives at Washington, DC - Textual Reference (RDT1) at archives1reference@nara.gov for assistance with the population schedules and the National Archives at College Park - Cartographic (RDSC) at carto@nara.gov with questions about the enumeration maps.


          Finally, more information about Enumeration District Maps and Descriptions and Searching the 1940 Census is available on NARA’s website.


          Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT1 or RDSC. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.


          We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your research!


          [Some information provided by Claire Kluskins, Subject Matter Expert]