Here is some additional information pertaining to your search. I would also try reaching out to the Illinois or Chicago Archives they may have some things pertaining to the individual.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Gamble_(general)
Dear Mr. McEnany,
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We searched the National Archives Catalog and located the series Civil War Atlas Published Maps, 1891 - 1895 in the Records of the Adjutant General's Office (Record Group 94) that may contain records relevant to your research. A few items from this series have been digitized and are available online. For more information about the non-digitized records in this series, please contact the National Archives at College Park - Cartographic (RDSC) at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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You may also be interested in the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) if you have not already consulted it. This is a database containing information about the men who served in the Union and Confederate armies during the Civil War. Other information on the site includes histories of Union and Confederate regiments, links to descriptions of significant battles, and selected lists of prisoner-of-war records and cemetery records, which will be amended over time. The CWSS is a cooperative effort between the National Park Service and several public and private partners whose goal is to increase Americans' understanding of this decisive era in American history by making information about it widely accessible.
Please also review the Civil War Records: Basic Research Sources from the National Archives, US Civil War: Selected Resources from the Library of Congress, Civil War Research and Commemoration from the U.S. Army Center of Military History, and Beginning United States Civil War Research from FamilySearch. You may be particularly interested in the Guide to Civil War Maps in the National Archives and the Fairfax County Civil War Sites Inventory Public Release Version.
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Thanks for the URLs for on line references. However, for your information, the locations I am searching for do not exist in the fortifications listed in the Defenses of Washington. I have read most of Cooling’s and McClure’s documents and the other documents you highlighted (Fairfax County civil War Sites). Those documents do not include the sites I am looking for. The stockades of Gen Gamble’s brigade were part of the Early warning line. The cavalry units were farther west than the listings of forts provided to me. In mid-1863, a portion of that line retracted to Falls church area. Gamble’s units (8th IL, 13th NY, 16th NY, 5th PA Heavy Artillery, 202nd PA infantry) generally occupied positions along a line from the Georgetown Pike to Tysons (Peach Grove) to Vienna to Flint Hill (Oakton, to Fairfax CH, and Fairfax Station. One stockade existed at Annandale. The Fairfax County civil War sites document does not include locations, only general areas overlaid on McDowell’s map in order to preclude artifact hunters searching the specific sites.
I will investigate the maps in the Atlas and possibly look to the College park office to determine if military engineer records exist for the 22nd Corps.
There are some good references you provided that I need to investigate.
Thanks for the info,
Take a look at pg.36 it talks and discusses Gambles early warning stockade lines for Washington, DC. Not sure if you had seen it. If you look closely the stockades were as follows Fairfax Station, Prospect Hill, Vienna, Flint Hills and possibly near the Fairfax Court House.
The one stockade that you mentioned existed at Annandale. This was part of Lazelle's Apache Ambuscade line but nevertheless a stockade but not Gambles.
thanks, Read that a while back. The Ambuscade line was Lazelle's as you mention. the graphic in that document came from Rampage (?). The units the 16th NY and the 13 NY were the same as those assigned to Gamble's brigade. Heirnzelman or Augur (uncertaiin when Heintzelman was replaced in late 1863/64, directed that Annandale be guarded as part of Gamble's mission (OR report in November 1864.. That stockade had withstood an attack my Mosby earlier in 1863.
Dear Mr. McEany,
Thank you for posting your follow-up request on History Hub!
We searched the National Archives Catalog and located 10 series in the Records of U.S. Army Continental Commands (Record Group 393) that pertain to the 22nd Army Corps. For more information about these records, please contact the National Archives at Washington, DC - Textual Reference (RDT1) at email@example.com.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT1. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.
We also located the War of the Rebellion: Serial 096 Page 0277 Chapter LVIII. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.-UNION on the eHistory website of the Ohio State University. They may have other records as well that may be of interest.
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your research!
Yes, I spent two hours at the Virginia Room looking at the various yearbooks of the Fairfax Historic Society as well as reading through many of the Fare Fac Gazette items about Fairfax Court House and the Civil War. I am in touch with the McLean Historic Society, contacted members of the Fairfax Station museum about fortifications around those areas, and Fairfax County Parks archeologists. I will following up on your suggestions about civilwarintheeast and maybe the civil war maps at the archives. I just wish you guys were open to researchers on site so i could look for morning reports and microfilms. The bios of Col Lowell, Col Lazelle, and Col Gannsvort were not too helpful in finding specific locations. O'Neil's and Carson's books about the cavalry and the 16th NY in particular, have been helpful. One mystery stockade site at Lewisville exists in the official records (Lazelle's), but doesn't show up in Southern Claims Commission notes, or McLean History Society or Church histories. Uncertain exactly where it was constructed only that it was near where it could provide coverage to posts at the intersections of the Lewinsville Road with Chain Bridge and with the Leesburg Pikes.
The Georgetown site coincides with the camp of the 13th NY cavalry you have photos in the Library of Congress of. That site existed at the end of Balls Hill Road about where the Beltway and Georgetown PIke cross. Roger Mudd (now deceased discussed the camp on the grounds of the Ball family in 2013. One Confederate member stated that it existed on the grounds of the original family plantation (Elmwood).
the Peach Grove stockade existed near the Microwave tower at Tysons, but not in the current fenced area. I am almost certain is was located closer to the old Clydes restaurant site and the water tower. The site was visible up until 1912 according to newspaper accounts. Location of the stockade came from land owner after the war and a USGS team that erected a tower near it in 1869 and 1870.
The Vienna sites were located on Ayr Hill 2nd MA and 13th NY cavalry and the Cummings property on Wyndham Hill (16th NY cavalry) according to accounts of the 13th NY and 16th NY cavalry. Freedom Hill, near the location of the original Fairfax Court House, was occupied by part of Gamble's brigade in later 1864 and 1865 and most likely a picket post.
There was a stockade constructed in Oakton (Flint Hill) and according to letters from property owners, it was located somewhere between the Methodist Church at the intersection of Chain Bridge and Hunter Mill Road and Blake Lane. Oakton history listed it as Fort Schneider. There were two other fortifications in Oakton - a Confederate fort under the Church of the Brethern on the north side, and a redoubt (Fort Flint) on the south where the west bound access road to I-66 exists.
i am pretty sure there were no stockades at the Fairfax Station site, but blockhouses were constructed at several bridge sites over Popes Head creek according to Ron Beavers, former historian at the Fairfax Station museum. i have his presentation about fortifications along the rail road.
Fairfax Court House is my problem child as it was the headquarters for several of the units - the official reports all were listed as Fairfax Court House, but camps were located elsewhere in the area - Jermantown, The Mount vineyard Plantation, Chantilly plantation, Dranesville, and Centreville. Maps of the Second Battle show some camps around the Ox Hill area. There is one visible redoubt on the campus of GMU at the intersection of Braddock Road and Chain Bridge. I have taken tours there and presented classes to GMU students in the history department over the past five years. GMU has recently added the redoubt as a part of a new History Trail. I am part of BRCWRT team that supported much of the new signage that has been erected at parking lot K about the redoubt. Pretty sure it was a picket post for both sides during the war and was constructed by 5th AL in June 1861.
I have an article almost written about these sites, but still missing one area and I have a lecture about this topic to give to the Bull Run Civil War Round table in November. I am a member of the Bull Run CW RT and I am its Education Chair.
Thanks for your info, I will continue to dig into the references - maybe something will pop up.
Information on Fort Schneider http://www.novahistory.org/FortSchneider/FortSchneider.htm
Also please see this and you may have read this in the past. https://www.dhr.virginia.gov/pdf_files/SpecialCollections/FX-485_FairfaxCH_Civil_War_AE_Rsources_2008_WMCAR_Summary%20Bo…
Here is a map and overlay of the area and owners especially the ones you discussed in your own words "There was a stockade constructed in Oakton (Flint Hill) and according to letters from property owners, it was located somewhere between the Methodist Church at the intersection of Chain Bridge and Hunter Mill Road and Blake Lane. Oakton history listed it as Fort Schneider. There were two other fortifications in Oakton - a Confederate fort under the Church of the Brethern on the north side, and a redoubt (Fort Flint) on the south where the west bound access road to I-66 exists".