This site has an amazing amount of information on Japanese POW camps: Allied POWS Under the Japanese, WWII - Main Page (mansell.com)The link for a list of all American POWs is not working. You will have to go through each camp and look for the name of your grandfather. It will take some time, but it is the best source outside the NARA POW list for Japan and I did not find his name listed in that database.
Texas Military Forces Museum
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Here is some information. Looks like according to these sources he was in the Army Air Corps or AF last station duty was 1060th AAF BU also known as Base Unit.
Field Title Value Meaning ARMY SERIAL NUMBER 33236853 33236853 NAME MERRICK#WILLIAM#E####### MERRICK#WILLIAM#E####### RESIDENCE: STATE #2 Undefined Code RESIDENCE: COUNTY 081 Undefined Code PLACE OF ENLISTMENT 3252 HARRISBURG PENNSYLVANIA DATE OF ENLISTMENT DAY 24 24 DATE OF ENLISTMENT MONTH 07 07 DATE OF ENLISTMENT YEAR 42 42 GRADE: ALPHA DESIGNATION PVT# Private GRADE: CODE 8 Private BRANCH: ALPHA DESIGNATION BI# Branch Immaterial - Warrant Officers, USA BRANCH: CODE 00 Branch Immaterial - Warrant Officers, USA FIELD USE AS DESIRED # # TERM OF ENLISTMENT 5 Enlistment for the duration of the War or other emergency, plus six months, subject to the discretion of the President or otherwise according to law LONGEVITY ### ### SOURCE OF ARMY PERSONNEL 0 Civil Life NATIVITY 23 NEW YORK YEAR OF BIRTH 17 17 RACE AND CITIZENSHIP 1 White, citizen EDUCATION 0 Grammar school CIVILIAN OCCUPATION 736 Semiskilled chauffeurs and drivers, bus, taxi, truck, and tractor MARITAL STATUS 2 Married COMPONENT OF THE ARMY 7 Selectees (Enlisted Men) CARD NUMBER # # BOX NUMBER 0630 0630 FILM REEL NUMBER 1.147 1.147
Dear Ms. Shaffer,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
We searched the Access to Archival Databases (AAD) and located the World War II Army Enlistment Records database that includes a file pertaining to Merrick, William E., whose serial number matches the one you provided. We also searched AAD and located the Records of World War II Prisoners of War, 12/7/1941 - 11/19/1946 in the Records of the Office of the Provost Marshal General (Record Group 389) and the World War II Prisoners of the Japanese Data Files, ca. 1941 - ca. 1945 in the Records of the American Defenders of Bataan and Corregidor (Collection ADBC), but we were unable to locate any files for serial number 33236853 or for the name William E. Merrick. Please review the World War II Prisoners of the Japanese Data Files and the Records of World War II Prisoners of War in the National Archives Catalog.
Please note that the unit you listed as a possible service unit for your grandfather (1st Battalion, 2nd Marine Division, Fleet Marine Force) is not an Army unit. Since your grandfather enlisted in the Army, it seems unlikely that he also would have served in another branch of the military.
If you have not done so already, we suggest that you request a copy of your grandfather’s Official Military Personnel File (OMPF) to clarify what service he served with. OMPFs for those who served in the U.S. Armed Forces and who were separated from the service before October 2002 are in the custody of NARA's National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) in St. Louis. In many cases where Army and Air Force personnel records were destroyed in the 1973 fire, proof of service can be provided from other records such as morning reports, payrolls, and military orders, and a certificate of military service will be issued. Navy and Marine Corps OMPFs were not affected by the fire. Please complete a GSA Standard Form 180 and mail it to NARA's National Personnel Records Center, (Military Personnel Records), 1 Archives Drive, St. Louis, MO 63138-1002. Veterans and their next of kin also may use eVetRecs to request records. See eVetRecs Help for instructions.
Next, we searched the National Archives Catalog and located the series Subject Files, 1942 - 1946 of the American Prisoner of War Information Bureau in the Records of the Office of the Provost Marshal General (Record Group 389) that include lists of American POWs held by Japan which may have a listing for your grandfather. For more information about these non-digitized records, please contact the National Archives at College Park - Textual Reference (RDT2) via email at email@example.com.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT2. Also, NPRC will continue servicing requests ONLY associated with medical treatments, burials, homeless veterans seeking admittance to a homeless shelter, and those involving the VA Home Loan program. If your request is urgent, please see Emergency Requests and Deadlines. Please refrain from submitting non-emergency requests such as replacement medals, administrative corrections, or records research until NPRC returns to pre-COVID staffing levels. Please check archives.gov/veterans for updates to the NPRC operating hours and status. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.
We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your family research!