Dear Ms. Doyle,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
We searched the National Archives Catalog and located the Population Schedules for the 1880 Census, the Population Schedules for the 1890 Census; the Population Schedules for the 1900 Census, and the Population Schedules for the 1910 Census, and the Population Schedules for the 1920 Census in the Records of the Bureau of the Census (Record Group 29) that may contain information about John Kent, Pierce Kent, and William Kent in New York. For more information about the non-digitized census schedules, please contact the National Archives at Washington, DC - Textual Reference (RDT1) via email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
We also located the series Passenger Lists, 1817 - 1897 of vessels arriving at the Port of New York in the Records of the U.S. Customs Service (Record Group 36) that may include the brothers. For more information about these records, please contact the National Archives at New York (RE-NY) at email@example.com.
Plus, we located Passenger and Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 6/16/1897 - 7/3/1957 (T715) in the Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (Record Group 85) that may include the brothers. Some of these records have been digitized and are available using the Catalog. For information about the non-digitized records, please email the National Archives at Washington, DC - Textual Reference (RDT1) at firstname.lastname@example.org.
For Naturalization records prior to September 27, 1906, any "court of record" (municipal, county, state, or Federal) could grant United States citizenship. Often petitioners went to the court most geographically convenient for them. As a general rule, the National Archives does not have naturalization records created in state or local courts. However, a few indexes and records have been donated to the National Archives from counties, states, and local courts. Researchers should contact the National Archives facility serving the state in which the petitioner resided to determine if records from lower courts are available, which in this case would be the National Archives at New York (RE-NY) (email@example.com). In certain cases county court naturalization records maintained by the National Archives are available as microfilm publications. Records from state and local courts are often at state archives or county historical societies.
Beginning September 27, 1906, the responsibility for naturalization proceedings was transferred to the Federal courts. It took time for the lower courts to let go of the practice, so researchers may need to look at lower courts if the National Archives does not maintain a record of naturalization from the early-mid 20th century. If a naturalization took place in a Federal court, naturalization indexes, declarations of intention (with any accompanying certificates of arrival), and petitions for naturalization will usually be in the National Archives facility serving the state in which the Federal court is located. No central index exists. To ensure a successful request with the National Archives, researchers should include: the name of petitioner (including known variants); date of birth; approximate date of entry to the US; approximate date of naturalization; where the individual was residing at the time of naturalization (city/county/state); and country of origin. Please contact the National Archives at New York (RE-NY) at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT1 and RE-NY. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.
In addition, you may find NARA’s Resources for Genealogists, as well as the History Hub Blog titled Suggestions and Advice for Family History Researchers useful.
Some of the census, immigration, and naturalization records that may be relevant to your research are now available in digital form and may be viewed online via Ancestry. There may be a fee for using this service. Instead, please check for access at your local library as many library systems subscribe to these sites, making them free for their patrons. Also, some of the images from Ancestry are available for free on FamilySearch.
Regarding records of the Fenian Brotherhood, Clan na Gael, Emerald Club, Gaelic League, and NYC Health + Hospitals/Bellevue, it may be useful to consult such resources as WorldCat and Social Networks and Archival Context to locate special collections and archives in academic and other private institutions that maintain records of these organizations and prominent members thereof. For example the Augustus C. Long Health Sciences Library of Columbia University holds Bellevue Hospital Casebooks, 1866-1916 while the Special Collections of the University Libraries at The Catholic University of America holds the Fenian Brotherhood Records and O'Donovan Rossa Personal Papers collection.
We suggest you contact The National Archives of the United Kingdom, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 4DU, United Kingdom for records of the incarceration of your ancestor in England,
Finally, we suggest that you contact the New York State Department of Health, the New York City Department of Health, and the New York City Department of Records and Information Services to request searches for Vital records of your ancestors, such as births, marriages, and deaths. You may wish to note any name variants or broaden your search for the surrounding years. In addition, the FamilySearch Research wiki for New York Vital Records may be helpful.
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your family research!
Thank you so much! This is very helpful and very much appreciated
Yes they did exist, go to Google and search for Fenian Brotherhood. On FamilySearch there is a Family Tree for Pierce Kent it lists his parents and brothers and sisters. see link