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Dear Marylin Henderson,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
The Bureau of Indian Affairs has compiled a guide titled “A Guide to Tracing American Indian & Alaska Native Ancestry” that may be useful to you. NARA’s Native American Heritage, NARA’s Resources for Genealogists, and the FamilySearch Research wiki for Indigenous Peoples of the United States Genealogy may also help.
The Dawes records are only from a very specific point in time, 1898 to 1914, and were for individuals living in the Indian Territory in present day Oklahoma. If an individual was not there, then he or she would not be captured in those records. It is possible that you may locate information relate3d to your family in records related to the Eastern Cherokee which can also be found here https://accessgenealogy.com/native/free-us-indian-census-rolls.htm but the time frame is the same year 1898, which is much later period than you are researching.
Additionally, census records from the time the person lived are helpful in seeing variances in the name. Here is a reference guide that may aid in your research about the different records held by the National Archives:https://www.archives.gov/research/genealogy/census/about
In addition, you may be able to locate more information regarding your family through these links:
Eastern Cherokee Census Rolls, 1835 to 1884 (NARA Catalog) https://catalog.archives.gov/id/2110769
Guion Miller Roll [Index to the Applications Submitted for the Eastern Cherokee Roll of 1909] (NARA generated index of names only, full rolls available on Ancestry) https://www.archives.gov/research/native-americans/rolls/guion-miller.html#list
Registers of Cherokee Who Wished to Remain in the East, 1817 to 1829 M208 (Free External Index) https://www.tngenweb.org/records/tn_wide/history/first/1817cherokee.pdf
Baker Roll, 1928 (Free External site, scans and additional enrolling records in microfilm pub available on Ancestry) https://www.allthingscherokee.com/baker-roll/
You may also be interested in the resources my colleagues and other researchers discuss in such previous History Hub posts as https://historyhub.history.gov/thread/9765 as well.
Unfortunately, the Russell County Virginia library lists 1853 as the earliest birth records they hold. https://russell.lib.va.us/local-history-defunct/birth-records/
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your family research!
Thank you so much for responding! I will definately look at all you have referenced. You have been very helpful.