Hello, and thank you for submitting your question to History Hub!
With some exceptions it is fairly uncommon for permanently retained, civilian government records to contain photographs. It seems as though you came across this picture of your relative from her personal files, not ones in the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration.
There are varying kinds of immigration and naturalization documents depending on your relative’s circumstances that may, but likely not, contain photographs. If they were in the military or otherwise an employee of the federal government, there would be additional avenues of inquiry.
Thank you again for your post!