26 Replies Latest reply on Nov 9, 2021 4:33 AM by James Smith

    Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment

    James Smith Adventurer

      Where can I find an officers' roster of the 306th regiment of the 77th division that participated in the Argonne WW1 action in October 1918 ?

      Many thanks,

      James Smith

        • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
          Elliot Schneider Ranger

          James,

           

          To make my search more effective whom are you seeking rosters for the entire regiment or a particular company? It would be a lot of work if you needed the whole regiment roster compared to just a particular company.

           

           

          For Example here is the list for 306th INF Company A and B

           

           

          ROSTER, 306TH INFANTRY

          COMPANY A

          Captain Henry E. Montgomery, 2nd
          Captain Hamilton H. Paterson

          First Lieutenant Matthew J. Harkins
          First Lieutenant Donald McClure
          First Lieutenant John F. R. Packard
          First Lieutenant Herman E. Stadie
          First Lieutenant John L. Sweeney *

          Second Lieutenant John B. W. Bankston
          Second Lieutenant Edwin R. Dwelle
          Second Lieutenant Thomas J. Fennessy
          Second Lieutenant P. Edward Mendenhall
          Second Lieutenant Albert F. White *

           

           

          COMPANY B

           

          Captain A. R. Crippen

          Captain Theodore S. Kenyon

           

          First Lieutenant Frank M. Eliot

          First Lieutenant H. Elbert Foster, Jr.

          First Lieutenant Clifford Hendel

          First Lieutenant Andrew J. McLean

          First Lieutenant Robert L. Payne

           

          Second Lieutenant Grosvenor Ball

          Second Lieutenant Frederick L. Edwards

          Second Lieutenant J. P. Feeney

          1 person found this helpful
            • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
              James Smith Adventurer

              Hi Elliot,

              I'm still trying to find answers to the questions I have formulated, with your help. It's important for the family that the memory of Robert Costa de Beauregard be revered. Can you help a bit more please ? Put me on the right road, perhaps ?

               

              I would like to rephrase my original request, made on May 17th last. My friend François is over 80 right now, and not in the best of health. However, the feat of bravery that won his grandfather, Captain Robert Costa de Beauregard, the DSC in the October 1918 Argonne action at StJuvin remains something that is talked about in his family.

               

              As a genealogist, I offered to help him find out more about the circumstances of that action. Some of his grandchildren travel to the United States and could have the opportunity of meeting the descendants of his own grandfather's comrades-in-arms. So my quest is as follows :

              - to find out to which company of the 306th regiment, 77th Division, Robert Costa de Beauregard was attached.  Or was he, as a French officer, attached to HQ ?

              - to find out who were his fellow-officers of that company ;

              - to find out who witnessed the feat of courage that he performed and recommended him for the DSC.

               

              Any other relevant information would be gratefully received.

               

              Many thanks and best regards,

              James Smith

            • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
              Carey Stumm Adventurer

              Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!

               

              The series Records of the 1st Through 338th and the 559th Infantry Regiment, 1/1/1916 - 12/31/1921 contains unit correspondence, requisitions, rosters, and orders that document the service of each regiment during the period of its activation.

               

              You also may be interested in unit records. While unit records generally do not include detailed information about each soldier, they can be useful for understanding the activities of the unit as a whole. You can search the series Records of Divisions, ca. 1918 - 1942.

               

              These records can be accessed at:

              National Archives at College Park - Textual Reference (RDT2)
              National Archives at College Park
              8601 Adelphi Road
              College Park, MD 20740-6001
              Phone: 301-837-3510
              Fax: 301-837-1752
              Email: Archives2reference@nara.gov

               

              Copies of most of the monthly rosters from November 1912 - 1943 and morning reports for Army units from November 1, 1912 to 1959 are in the custody of the National Archives at St. Louis (RL-SL). For more information about these records, please contact RL-SL via email at stl.archives@nara.gov.  World War I rosters have been digitized and are available on FamilySearch at United States, World War I, military muster rolls and rosters, 1916-1939. These can be accessed with a free account.

               

              If you are looking for a particular person you can search the Lists of Outgoing Passengers, 1917 - 1938 and  Lists of Incoming Passengers, 1917 - 1938 (Record Group 92). Both series have been digitized and made available online by our partner, Ancestry.com. Ancestry requires a subscription but can be accessed for free through most public libraries or at home with your library card.

               

              Please keep in mind that due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RL-SL & RDT2. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.

               

              We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your research!

                • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
                  James Smith Adventurer

                  Hi Carey,

                  I'm still trying to find answers to the questions I have formulated. Thanks for sending me at least one reply. It's important for the family that the memory of Robert Costa de Beauregard be revered. Can you help a bit more please ? Put me on the right road, perhaps ?

                   

                  I would like to rephrase my original request, made on May 17th last. My friend François is over 80 right now, and not in the best of health. However, the feat of bravery that won his grandfather, Captain Robert Costa de Beauregard, the DSC in the October 1918 Argonne action at StJuvin remains something that is talked about in his family.

                   

                  As a genealogist, I offered to help him find out more about the circumstances of that action. Some of his grandchildren travel to the United States and could have the opportunity of meeting the descendants of his own grandfather's comrades-in-arms. So my quest is as follows :

                  - to find out to which company of the 306th regiment, 77th Division, Robert Costa de Beauregard was attached.  Or was he, as a French officer, attached to HQ ?

                  - to find out who were his fellow-officers of that company ;

                  - to find out who witnessed the feat of courage that he performed and recommended him for the DSC.

                   

                  Any other relevant information would be gratefully received.

                   

                  Many thanks and best regards,

                  James Smith

                • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
                  Alice Lane Pioneer

                  Hi James,

                  Welcome to History Hub

                  Is there someone in particular that you are searching for?

                   

                  You might find some answers on the following websites:

                  Welcome to the 77th Infantry Division Roa Reserve Officers' Association (77thinfdivroa.org)

                  306th Field Artillery Regiment, 77th Division | American Battle Monuments Commission (abmc.gov)

                  National World War I Museum and Memorial : Online Collections (pastperfectonline.com)

                  On the last entry above;;;try entering the name of the person that you are seeking.in the search area.

                  Good luck in your search,

                  Alice Lane

                  Research Volunteer

                   

                   

                  Found this with photo of one officer.Capt. Monroe Douglas Robinson, a 1909 Harvard graduate, was the commander of Company B of the 77th Division's 302nd Ammunition Trains. The U.S.N.A appreviation on the photograph indicates that it was "National Army" unit, composed of men who were dra... (Photo Credit: U.S. Army)

                  World War I draftees from New York City made history in the 77th Division | Article | The United States Army77th Division Officer

                    • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
                      James Smith Adventurer

                      Hi Alice,

                       

                      Thanks for your reply.

                      I'm trying to find out who were the US comrades-in-arms of a Frenchman who was awarded the DSC for an action on 14th October 1918 : Count Robert Costa de Beauregard . See below the citation : can you help ?

                       

                      Many thanks and best regards,

                      James

                       

                      COSTA DE BEAUREGARD, ROBERT

                      Captain, French Army

                      23d Regiment of Infantry, 306th U.S. Infantry (Attached), 77th Division, A.E.F.

                      Date of Action: October 14, 1918

                      Citation::

                      The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Robert Costa De Beauregard, Captain, French Army, for extraordinary heroism in action at St. Juvin, France, October 14, 1918. When communication with the forward observation post was broken and no runners were available, Captain Costa De Beauregard voluntarily carried a message to the observation post through intense shellfire, displaying great bravery and coolness, and succeeded in reestablishing communication with the regimental post of command.

                      General Orders No. No. 27, W.D., 1920

                      Citizen of France

                        • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
                          Alice Lane Pioneer

                          James,

                          I am hoping this is what you are looking for, it has the state that each was from at bottom of individual biographies. Captain Robinson, picture that I sent, is one of them.

                          Awards and Citations of the 306th Infantry - Longwood Central School District

                           

                          Alice Lane

                          Research Volunteer

                            • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
                              James Smith Adventurer

                              Alice,

                              Thanks for your reply, but for some reason, I was not able to access the site you indicated. Are you able to ?

                              James

                                • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
                                  Alice Lane Pioneer

                                  HISTORY
                                  of
                                  THE 306th INFANTRY

                                  By
                                  Colonel Julius Ochs Adler
                                  1935
                                  Awards to the Members of the 306th Infantry


                                  AWARDS TO MEMBERS OF

                                  THE 306TH INFANTRY

                                  MEDAL OF HONOR

                                  FIRST LIEUTENANT DWITE H. SCHAFFNER
                                  Company K. Near St. Hubert's Pavilion, Boureuilles, France, September 28, 1918.

                                  For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy near St. Hubert's Pavilion, Boureuilles, France, September 28, 1918. In com-mand of Company K, 306th Infantry, he led his men in an attack on St. Hubert's Pavilion through terrific enemy machine-gun, rifle and artillery fire and drove the enemy from a strongly held intrenched position, after hand-to-hand fighting. His bravery and contempt for danger inspired his men, enabling them to hold fast in the face of three determined enemy counterattacks. His company's position exposed to enemy fire from both flanks, he made three efforts to locate an enemy machine-gun which had caused heavy casualties in his company. On his third reconnaissance he discovered the gun position and personally silenced the gun, killing or wounding the crew thereof. The third counterattack made by the enemy was initiated by the appearance of a small detachment advancing well in advance of .the enemy attacking wave, calling as they advanced, "Kamerad." When almost within reach of the American front line the enemy attacking wave behind them appeared, attacking vigorously with pistols, rifles, and hand grenades, causing heavy casualties in the American platoon holding the advanced position. Lieutenant Schaffner mounted the parapet of the trench and used his pistol and grenades with great gallantry and effect, killing a number of enemy soldiers, finally reaching the enemy officer, a captain, shooting and mortally wounding the latter with his pistol, and dragging the captured officer back to the company's trench, securing from him valuable information as to the enemy's strength and position. The information so secured enabled Lieutenant Schaffner to maintain for five hours the advanced position of his company despite the fact that it was surrounded on three sides by strong enemy forces. The undaunted bravery, gallant soldierly conduct, and leadership displayed by Lieutenant Schaffner undoubtedly saved the survivors of the company from death or capture. Residence at appointment: Falls Creek, Pa.

                                  DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS

                                  COLONEL GEORGE VIDMER
                                  Near Zube, France, September 27, 1918, and St. Juvin, France,
                                  October 14, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action near Zube, France, September 27, 1918, and St. Juvin, France, October 14, 1918. By his personal presence, example, and determination he repulsed strong counterattacks and drove the enemy from important positions north of Zube. On October 14 he personally directed the attack of his unit and carried it forward to a successful conclusion under heavy machine-gun, rifle and artillery fire. Address: Care of The Adjutant General of the Army, Washington, D. C. Entered Military Academy from Alabama.

                                  MAJOR JULIUS OCHS, ADLER
                                  At St. Juvin, France, October 14, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action at St. Juvin, France, October 14, 1918. Accompanied by another officer, Major Adler was supervising the work of clearing the enemy from St. Juvin when they suddenly came upon a party of the enemy numbering 150 Firing on the enemy with his pistol, Major Adler ran toward the party, calling on them to surrender. His bravery and good marksmanship resulted in the capture of 50 Germans, and the remainder fled. Residence at appointment: New York Times, New York, N. Y.

                                  MAJOR ARCHIBALD G. THACHER
                                  At St. Juvin, France, October 14, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action against St. Juvin, France,
                                  October 14, 1918. While commanding the 2nd Battalion in a
                                  flank march across the Aire River, Major Thacher, acting with the greatest gallantry and with utter disregard for his own safety, personally made a reconnaissance in the face of heavy hostile machine-gun and shell fire, well in advance of his battalion, thereby saving his command from heavy losses. It was due to his thorough reconnaissance that his subsequent successful attack on this strong hostile position was consummated. Residence at appointment: 49 East 51st Street, New York, N. Y.

                                  CAPTAIN ROBERT COSTA DE BEAUREGARD
                                  23rd Infantry Regiment, Territorials, French Army, attached to
                                  3o6th Infantry, 77th Division, United States Army. At St. Juvin,
                                  France, October 14, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action at St. Juvin, France, October 14, 1918. When communication with the forward observation post was broken and no runners were available, Captain de. Beauregard voluntarily carried a message to the observation post through intense shell fire, displaying great bravery and coolness, and succeeded in reestablishing communication with the regimental post of command. Next of kin: Comtesse Robert Costa de Beauregard, 6 rue La Tremoille, Paris, France.

                                  CAPTAIN BRADFORD ELLSWORTH
                                  Near La Besace, France, November 5, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action near La Besace, France,
                                  November 5, 1918. He displayed great courage by leading a mounted reconnaissance patrol a kilometer in advance of our lines, developed the enemy's line by drawing fire from his machine-guns, and remained under this heavy machine-gun fire until the emplacements had been located. Residence at appointment: Yale Club, New York, N. Y.

                                  CAPTAIN ROBERT P. PATTERSON
                                  Near Bazoches, France, August 14, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action near Bazoches, France, August 14, 1918. Captain Patterson, accompanied by two non-commissioned officers, made a daring daylight reconnaissance into the enemy lines. He surprised an enemy outpost of superior numbers and personally destroyed the outpost. Later he again had an encounter with another outpost, during which several of the enemy were killed or wounded and one member of his patrol wounded. The enemy advanced their outposts, and Captain Patterson covered the retreat of his patrol, during which he dropped into a depression and feigned being killed in order to escape capture. Here he lay until he was able to escape to his lines under cover of darkness. Residence at appointment: Glens Falls, N. Y.

                                  CAPTAIN HERMAN EDWARD STADIE
                                  At Ferme-des-Dames, west of Fismes, France, August 20, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action at Ferme-des-Dames, west of Fismes, France, August 20, 1918. While the vicinity of the regimental command post where he was stationed was under heavy bombardment, Captain Stadie, without thought of personal danger, voluntarily ran outside through shrapnel and high- explosive shells, and rescued a wounded runner. Address: Care of The Adjutant General of the Army, Washington, D. C. Residence at appointment: 2564 Creston Avenue, New York, N. Y.

                                  FIRST LIEUTENANT THOMAS J. DUNNE, Chaplain
                                  During the Meuse-Argonne offensive.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action during the Meuse--Argonne offensive. While a crossroads was being heavily shelled by enemy artillery and after several men had been killed and others wounded, Chaplain Dunne, utterly disregarding his own safety, went to their assistance and ministered to them. He constantly exposed himself to the heaviest fire in order to assist the wounded men of his regiment, at all times displaying heroic conduct and superb devotion to his duty. His splendid and consistent bravery and contempt for his own safety was a continuing inspiration to every man of his regiment and served to build up a fine sense of duty and soldierly obligation in the organization. Residence at appointment: 405 West 125th Street, New York, N. Y.

                                  FIRST LIEUTENANT MICHAEL JOSEPH HAYES*
                                  At Bazoches, France, August 14, 1918, and St. Juvin, France, October 14, 1918.

                                  For repeated acts of extraordinary heroism in action at Bazoches, France, August 14, 1918, and St. Juvin, France, October 14, 1918. On August 14 Lieutenant Hayes led a patrol of five men in broad daylight and without any cover attempting to rescue his company commander, who had fallen wounded near a German machine-gun nest. Failing to find the wounded officer, he crawled to within twenty yards of the post, attacked it with great dash and gallantry, inflicting a number of casualties in spite of heavy fire from enemy machine-guns and hand grenades. On October 14 this officer led his platoon forward into the attack with energy and courage, in the face of heavy artillery and machine-gun fire. In the face of direct fire from enemy machine-guns upon his platoon, disregarding his own personal safety, he went forward to reconnoiter and to find cover for his men from which to continue the attack. In the performance of this courageous enterprise he was killed by machine-gun fire. Residence at appointment: 9214 Empire Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio.

                                  FIRST LIEUTENANT THEODORE S. KENYON
                                  In the Forest of Argonne, France, September 27, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action in the Forest of Argonne, France, September 27, 1918. He displayed exceptional qualities of leadership and gallantry in action while leading his company against a counterattack of the enemy in superior numbers. Later, although three times wounded, he remained with his command. Residence at appointment: 321 West 82nd Street, New York, N. Y.

                                  FIRST LIEUTENANT CHARLES O'BRIEN
                                  Near Le Cendriere Woods, near the Aisne Canal, France, September 6, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action in Le Cendriere Woods, near the Aisne Canal, September 6, 1918. Lieutenant O'Brien

                                  Posthumous award. led his platoon forward toward Le Cendriere Woods under heavy shell fire. When wounded in the left leg, one of his men urged him to stop and have the wound dressed. He answered, "Never mind that; they can't stop us!" and led his platoon through the woods to the bank of the Aisne Canal, where, while placing his men in position, he was struck again and killed. His dauntless courage presented an inspiring example to the men of his platoon. Residence at appointment: 44 N. Main Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.

                                  FIRST LIEUTENANT PHILIP K. ROBINSON
                                  Near Mont Notre Dame, France, September 10, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action near Mont Notre Dame, France, September 10, 1918. The 3rd Battalion, 3o6th Infantry, having relieved another regiment in a position in front of Mont Notre Dame, it was reported that wounded members of the organization relieved were in the Bois-de-Cendriere in front of the position occupied by the 3rd Battalion. Lieutenant Robinson, together with a non-commissioned officer and a private of his battalion, volunteered to search the wood and proceeded on his hazardous mission crossing an open field, a distance of six hundred yards, under direct observation of the enemy and under a concentration of heavy machine-gun and artillery fire. Finding several wounded men, he assisted them to return to their own lines, undoubtedly saving their lives. The extraordinary heroism and soldierly devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant Robinson greatly inspired the men of his battalion. Residence at appointment: 802 Mason Street, Green Bay, Wis.

                                  FIRST LIEUTENANT PAUL KRUSA ROTH
                                  Near St. Thibaut, Bazoches, France, September 10, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action near St. Thibaut, Bazoches, France, September 10, 1918. Constantly exposed to a terrific concentration of enemy machine-gun and shell fire, without regard to his own safety, he voluntarily and unassisted rescued five badly wounded men of his regiment, carrying each man upon his back for a distance of one hundred and fifty yards, at all times under observation of the enemy occupying the town of Bazoches. His heroic conduct served as an impressive example to every man of his regiment. Residence at appointment: 421 Seventh Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.

                                  SECOND LIEUTENANT CHARLES S. DENNISON
                                  In the Forest of Argonne, France, September 27, 1918-

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action in the Forest of Argonne, France, September 27, 1918. He was in command of a patrol sent out in the afternoon to locate a machine-gun nest. In the course of this operation he received a severe wound, but after reporting the location of the machine-gun nest at company head-quarters he immediately returned to the vicinity of the machine-gun nest and spent the greater part of the night searching for a member of his patrol who was missing. Although he was suffering severe pain from his wounds, he refused to go to the first-aid station before the missing soldier was found. Residence at appointment: 2288 Elm Street, Denver, Colo.

                                  FIRST SERGEANT HERMAN M. SELL
                                  Company A. In Le Cendriere Woods, near Vauxcere, France,
                                  September 6, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action in Le Cendriere Woods, near Vauxcere, between the Vesle and the Aisne, France, September 6, 1918. Sergeant Sell volunteered to deliver a message of great importance to his battalion commander after six runners who had been sent with the same message failed to return. He voluntarily crossed six hundred yards of open field swept by shell and machine-gun fire, reached his destination, accomplished his mission, and returned to his company with information of vital importance. Residence at enlistment: Jackson Avenue, Seaford, N. Y.

                                  SERGEANT GEORGE W. BEATTY
                                  Medical Detachment. At St. Juvin, France, October 15, 1918-

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action at St. Juvin, France, October 15, 1918. He went forward to dress the wounds of
                                  an officer who could not be brought in because of the exceedingly heavy machine-gun fire, his bravery being instrumental in saving the officer's life. Throughout the entire day this soldier worked tirelessly at the dressing station under heavy shell fire until he was completely exhausted, showing a persistent devotion to duty. Residence at enlistment: 1462 S. Sherman Street, Denver, Colo.

                                  SERGEANT PATRICK FREEMAN
                                  Company B. In the Forest of Argonne, France, September 27,
                                  1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action in the Forest of Argonne, France, September 27, 1918. He displayed exceptional courage and bravery while leading his platoon against enemy machine-gun and trench-mortar positions and putting them out of action. Although wounded, this soldier remained on duty with his platoon, killing and capturing several of the enemy and finally occupying part of the hostile trench. Residence at enlistment: 458 East 140th Street, New York, N. Y.

                                  SERGEANT GALBRAITH WARI) *
                                  Company M. Near Mont Notre Dame, France, September io,
                                  1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action near Mont Notre Dame, France, September 10, 1918. Voluntarily accompanying an officer and enlisted man of his battalion in a search of the Bois-de- Cendriere for the survivors of a battalion which had been relieved from its position in the line, he crossed an open field under terrific enemy fire a distance of six hundred yards under constant observation of the enemy, sought and found several survivors, and led them back to his own lines. Sergeant Ward was severely wounded in the performance of this hazardous deed and died of pneumonia shortly after. Residence at enlistment:1018 Madison Avenue, New York, N. Y.

                                  CORPORAL PATRICK J. CARROLL
                                  Company F. Near Bazoches, France, August 14, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action near Bazoches, France, August 14, 1918. Corporal Carroll led a patrol of five men to the rescue of his company commander, who was lying concealed within twenty yards of an enemy machine-gun nest. He advanced through the intense machine-gun fire to the enemy's position and, although wounded in nine places, returned to his lines with important information. Residence at enlistment: 158 East 102nd Street, New York, N. Y.

                                  CORPORAL PETER FINUCANE
                                  Company F. Near Bazoches, France, August 14, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action near Bazoches, France, August 14, 1918. He voluntarily exposed himself to intense enemy machine-gun and artillery fire, crawling forward, in company with four other men of his company, in search of their wounded company commander, who had fallen a short distance in front of his company's position. After a fruitless search for the wounded officer the patrol engaged the nearest enemy post and in a fight with hand grenades destroyed it. Corporal Finucane then assisted a wounded comrade to return to his own lines. The heroic conduct of Corporal Finucane greatly encouraged the men of his company, inciting them to heroic endeavor. Residence at enlistment: 43o East 137th Street, New York, N. Y.

                                  CORPORAL HENRY B. MACPHERSON
                                  Company C. Near St. Juvin, France, October 16, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action near St. Juvin, France, October 16, 1918. He volunteered repeatedly during the attack on St. Juvin to carry messages through a severe enemy barrage. Throughout the action this soldier showed entire disregard for personal danger and a devotion to duty far beyond the scope of his position, accomplishing several important missions with success. Residence at enlistment: 431 Rockland Street, Abington, Mass.

                                  CORPORAL ROBERT A. STRAUB
                                  Company F. At Bazoches, France, August 14, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action at Bazoches, France, August 14, 1918. Voluntarily joining a daylight patrol seeking information as to the strength and positions of the enemy which was attacked about one hundred yards beyond its own lines by an enemy hostile post of seven men. The enemy was immediately attacked from the rear, several of the men killed and the survivors scattered. A moment later another enemy post was attacked and in hand-to-hand fighting Corporal Straub killed one of the enemy and was himself badly wounded. Although unable to walk and under heavy fire from nearby enemy posts, Corporal Straub dragged himself to his lines and gave valuable information as to the disposition of the enemy forces. Residence at enlistment: 6 Hamilton Terrace, New York, N. Y.

                                  CORPORAL AARON YAMIN
                                  Company B. In the Forest of Argonne, France, September 27,
                                  1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action in the Forest of Argonne, France, September 27, 1918. He displayed exceptional bravery by volunteering to cut a strip of enemy barbed-wire to make an opening for his company, which was at that time under heavy fire from artillery and machine-guns. In performing this mission this soldier received wounds from which he afterwards died. Residence at enlistment: 322 East 101st Street, New York, N. Y.

                                  CORPORAL VINCENT P. ZIELINSKI
                                  Company B. At St. Juvin, France, October 15, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action at St. Juvin, France, October 15, 1918. He volunteered and carried a message of vital importance in connection with the capture of St. Juvin through an intense artillery barrage, displaying courage and per-sistent devotion to duty. Residence at enlistment: 112 Gorski Street, Buffalo, N. Y.

                                  PRIVATE FIRST CLASS THOMAS ARSENAULT
                                  Company G. Near Bazoches, France, August 27, 1918-

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action near Bazoches, France, August 27, 1918. With an utter disregard for his personal safety, Private Arsenault rescued a wounded officer and carried him across an area swept by a withering machine-gun fire to a dressing station, preventing the capture of a wounded man by the enemy. Residence at enlistment: Newcomb, N. Y.

                                  PRIVATE FIRST CLASS JOHN DUFFY
                                  Company F. At Bazoches, France, August 14, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action at Bazoches, France, August 14, 1918. Voluntarily joining a daylight patrol seeking information as to the strength and positions of the enemy, which was attacked about one hundred yards beyond its own lines by an enemy hostile post of seven men. The enemy was immediately attacked from the rear, several of the men killed and the survivors scattered. A moment later another enemy post was attacked and in hand-to-hand fighting, Private Duffy killed one of the enemy and was himself badly wounded. Although unable to walk and under heavy fire from nearby enemy posts, Private Duffy dragged himself to his own lines and gave valuable information as to the disposition of the enemy forces. Residence at enlistment: 722 Bergen Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.

                                  PRIVATE FIRST CLASS RICHARD Foy
                                  Company F. Near Bazoches, France, August 14, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action near Bazoches, France, August 14, 1918. He voluntarily exposed himself to intense machine-gun and artillery fire crawling forward in company with four other men of his company, in search of their wounded company commander who had fallen a short distance in front of his company's position. After a fruitless search for the wounded officer, the patrol engaged the nearest enemy post, and in a fight with hand grenades destroyed it. Private Foy then assisted a wounded comrade to return to his own line. The heroic conduct of Private Foy greatly encouraged the men of his company, inciting them to heroic endeavor. Residence at enlistment: 495 St. Marks Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.

                                  PRIVATE FIRST CLASS CARL I. JOHNSON
                                  Company B. In the Forest of Argonne, France, September 27,
                                  1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action in the- Forest of Argonne, France, September 27, 1918. He displayed exceptional bravery in volunteering to cut the enemy's wire and thereby make it possible for his company to advance upon the enemy. In performing this invaluable service he repeatedly exposed himself to heavy fire from enemy machine-guns and was severely wounded. Residence at enlistment: 460 Fifty-fourth Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.

                                  PRIVATE FIRST CLASS EDWARD F. SCHMITT*
                                  Company L. Near Mont Notre Dame, France, September 10,
                                  1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action near Mont Notre Dame, France, September 10, 1918. Voluntarily accompanying an officer and non-commissioned officer of his battalion in a search of the Bois-de- Cendriere for the survivors of a battalion which had been relieved from its position in the line, he crossed an open field under terrific enemy fire, a distance of six hundred yards, under constant observation of the enemy, sought and found several survivors and led them back to his own lines. The heroic and soldierly conduct of Private Schmitt and his devotion to his comrades greatly inspired the men of his battalion. Private Schmitt was later killed in action while gallantly fighting with his battalion in the Argonne Forest. Residence at enlistment: 22 Rex Place, Buffalo, N. Y.

                                  PRIVATE FIRST CLASS JAMES SULLIVAN
                                  Company H. At St. Juvin, France, October 15, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism, in action at St. Juvin, France, October 15, 1918. This soldier fearlessly entered a dugout in which he knew there were Germans singing, and single-handed captured 20 prisoners. Residence at enlistment: 333 East 41st Street, New York, N. Y.

                                  PRIVATE JOSEPH FRANCE BROWN
                                  Company K. Near the Forest of Argonne, France, September 27,
                                  1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action near the Forest of Argonne, France, September 27, 1918. During an attack on the trenches held by his company, Private Brown found an automatic rifle which had been abandoned by a wounded soldier. Though he was unfamiliar with the operation of the weapon, Private Brown opened fire on the enemy with it, killing two of them, and thereby making possible the escape of three of his comrades who had been captured by the enemy. The remainder of the hostile force was driven off. Residence at enlistment: Hogansburg, N. Y.

                                  PRIVATE WILLIAM C. EVANS
                                  Sanitary Detachment. Near Bazoches, France, August 27-28, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action near Bazoches, France, August 27-28, 1918. This soldier showed extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty by attending to wounded without rest or relief, under heavy shell fire, until he fell unconscious from exhaustion. He remained at work for two days and a half under circumstances which called for the greatest determination and courage. Residence at enlistment: Plainsville, Pa.

                                  PRIVATE SING KEE
                                  Company G. At Mont Notre Dame, France, August 14-15, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action at Mont Notre Dame, west of Fismes, France, August 14-15, 1918. Although seriously gassed during shelling by high explosive and gas shells, he refused to be evacuated and continued, practically single-handed, by his own initiative, to operate the regimental message center relay station at Mont Notre Dame. Throughout this critical period he showed extraordinary heroism, high courage, and persistent devotion to duty and totally disregarded all personal danger. By his determination he materially aided his regimental commander in communicating with the front line. Residence at enlistment: 61 Bayard Street, New York, N. Y.

                                  PRIVATE GROVER C. SULLIVAN
                                  Company L. At La Besace, France, November 5, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action at La Besace, France, November 5, 1918. He displayed rare bravery and devotion to duty by remaining on duty after being seriously wounded during a heavy artillery bombardment and giving first-aid treatment to five severely wounded comrades. Residence at enlistment: Elm Street, Norwood, N. Y.

                                  PRIVATE JOSEPH VERCRUYSSE
                                  Company H. At St. Juvin, France, October 15, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action at St. Juvin, France, October 15, 1918. He volunteered and carried a message to supporting troops through an intense artillery barrage, displaying courage and persistent devotion to duty. This message was of vital importance in connection with the capture of St. Juvin. Residence at enlistment: 1723 Forty-first Street, Oakland, Cal.

                                  WILLIAM SHEFRIN *
                                  Cook, Company C. In the Ravin de l'Homme Mort, near Vaux-
                                  cere, France, September 5, 1918.

                                  For extraordinary heroism in action in the Ravin de I'Homme Mort, near Vauxcere, between the Vesle and Aisne Rivers, France, September 5, 1918. After both of his feet had been blown off by a bursting shell Cook Shefrin, although mortally wounded, coolly directed the work of rescuing and caring for other wounded men of the kitchen detachment who had been wounded when his transport was struck. Residence at enlistment: 210 Seventeenth Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.

                                  DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL

                                  COLONEL GEORGE VIDMER

                                  For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services. As commander of the 3o6th Infantry, he demonstrated marked ability as a military leader. His sound judgment and tireless energy were largely responsible for the successes which his regiment gained in its operations against the enemy. Address: Care of The Adjutant General of the Army, Washington, D. C. Entered Military Academy from Alabama.

                                    • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
                                      James Smith Adventurer

                                      Dear Alice,

                                      Many thanks indeed for your substantial reply. I'm trying to reconstruct the circumstances of the action that earned Robert Costa de Beauregard the DSC. Who would have recommended him for the DSC : the  commanding officer  of the 306th Infantry, Colonel George Vidmer, I presume ? Is it possible to know who witnessed what he did and passed on the information to the commanding officer ? Also which company he was attached to, and who were his fellow officers of that company ? Your fellow-researcher, Eliott Schneider, thought his attachment could be "at the HQ possibly battalion level". The following reference was given : G.O. n°27, W.D.,1920.

                                      https://historyhub.history.gov/thread/11767?q=306*

                                       

                                      Many thanks for your help.

                                      Best regards,

                                      James

                                      • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
                                        James Smith Adventurer

                                        Dear Alice,

                                         

                                        I started my research request on History Hub on May 17th, and the last message I received was on May 21st (from you) The fact that I have not received anything since that date makes me wonder whether my request wasn't too detailed. On June 13th, I rephrased my request (see below).

                                         

                                        I would be grateful for any advice that would enable me to bring this research to a successful conclusion.

                                        Many thanks for your help, and best regards,

                                        James Smith

                                         

                                        I would like to rephrase my original request. My friend François is over 80 right now, and not in the best of health. However, the feat of bravery that won his grandfather, Captain Robert Costa de Beauregard, the DSC in the October 1918 Argonne action at StJuvin remains something that is talked about in his family.

                                         

                                        As a genealogist, I offered to help him find out more about the circumstances of that action. Some of his grandchildren travel to the United States and could have the opportunity of meeting the descendants of his own grandfather's comrades-in-arms. So my quest is as follows :

                                        - to find out to which company of the 306th regiment, 77th Division, Robert was attached.  Or was he, as a French officer, attached to HQ ?

                                        - to find out who were his fellow-officers of that company ;

                                        - to find out who witnessed the feat and recommended him for the DSC.

                                         

                                        Any other relevant information would be gratefully received.

                                        • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
                                          James Smith Adventurer

                                          Hi Alice,

                                          I'm still trying to find answers to the questions I have formulated, with your help. It's important for the family that the memory of Robert Costa de Beauregard be revered. Can you help a bit more please ? Put me on the right road, perhaps ?

                                           

                                          I would like to rephrase my original request, made on May 17th last. My friend François is over 80 right now, and not in the best of health. However, the feat of bravery that won his grandfather, Captain Robert Costa de Beauregard, the DSC in the October 1918 Argonne action at StJuvin remains something that is talked about in his family.

                                           

                                          As a genealogist, I offered to help him find out more about the circumstances of that action. Some of his grandchildren travel to the United States and could have the opportunity of meeting the descendants of his own grandfather's comrades-in-arms. So my quest is as follows :

                                          - to find out to which company of the 306th regiment, 77th Division, Robert Costa de Beauregard was attached.  Or was he, as a French officer, attached to HQ ?

                                          - to find out who were his fellow-officers of that company ;

                                          - to find out who witnessed the feat of courage that he performed and recommended him for the DSC.

                                           

                                          Any other relevant information would be gratefully received.

                                           

                                          Many thanks and best regards,

                                          James Smith

                                          • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
                                            James Smith Adventurer

                                            Hi Alice,

                                             

                                            Dear Alice,

                                            Can you please tell me if Colonel Julius Ochs Adler gives references for the citations that he mentions in his 1935 book ‘History of the 306th Infrantry’? Does he also mention any detailed reports on the StJuvin offensive ?

                                            Where can I find a digital copy of this book ?

                                             

                                            I confirm below the questions to which I’m looking for answers.

                                             

                                            Many thanks, and best regards,

                                            James

                                             

                                            With regard to Captain Robert Costa de Beauregard, DSC (awarded following the StJuvin offensive, October 14-16 1918), I'm trying :

                                            - to find out to which company of the 306th regiment, 77th Division, Robert Costa de Beauregard was attached.  Or was he, as a French officer, attached to HQ ?

                                            - to find out who were his American fellow-officers of that company ;

                                            - to find out who witnessed the feat of courage that he performed and recommended him for the DSC.

                                              • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
                                                James Smith Adventurer

                                                Hi Alice,

                                                I'm glad to say I have found answers to my original questions :

                                                 

                                                - to which company of the 306th regiment, 77th Division, Robert was attached.  Or was he, as a French officer, attached to HQ ?

                                                - who were his fellow-officers of that company ;

                                                - who witnessed the feat and recommended him for the DSC.

                                                 

                                                I found the answers in the e-book by Colonel Ochs Adler, History of the 306th Infantry, 1935 :https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015027341406&view=1up&format=plaintext&seq=143&skin=2021&q1=Costa

                                                 

                                                Essentially, Captain Robert Costa de Beauregard was the liaison officer to the Colonel commanding the 306th, George Vidmer. He would no doubt have been in close touch with Vidmer throughout the StJuvin offensive, together with a few other battalion commanders. I would venture that Vidmer himself would have witnessed Robert's feat of arms that won him the DSC.

                                                 

                                                Once again, many thanks for your help.

                                                 

                                                Best regards,

                                                James

                                        • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
                                          Elliot Schneider Ranger

                                          James.

                                           

                                          Here is some information. The rosters of is co-American officers could be listed among several companies that he worked with. But as you can see he is attached to the 77th, 3O6th. Dose not say what company level, but its possible he would be at the HQ possibly battalion level.

                                           

                                          1 person found this helpful
                                            • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
                                              James Smith Adventurer

                                              Many thanks, Elliot. Do you know I could find mention of his American fellow-officers at HQ battalion level ?

                                              James

                                              • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
                                                James Smith Adventurer

                                                Hi Elliot,

                                                I'm still trying to find answers to the questions I have formulated, with your help. It's important for the family that the memory of Robert Costa de Beauregard be revered. Can you help a bit more please ? Put me on the right road, perhaps ?

                                                 

                                                I would like to rephrase my original request, made on May 17th last. My friend François is over 80 right now, and not in the best of health. However, the feat of bravery that won his grandfather, Captain Robert Costa de Beauregard, the DSC in the October 1918 Argonne action at StJuvin remains something that is talked about in his family.

                                                 

                                                As a genealogist, I offered to help him find out more about the circumstances of that action. Some of his grandchildren travel to the United States and could have the opportunity of meeting the descendants of his own grandfather's comrades-in-arms. So my quest is as follows :

                                                - to find out to which company of the 306th regiment, 77th Division, Robert Costa de Beauregard was attached.  Or was he, as a French officer, attached to HQ ?

                                                - to find out who were his fellow-officers of that company ;

                                                - to find out who witnessed the feat of courage that he performed and recommended him for the DSC.

                                                 

                                                Any other relevant information would be gratefully received.

                                                 

                                                Many thanks and best regards,

                                                James Smith

                                          • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
                                            Alice Lane Pioneer

                                            Hi James

                                             

                                            Do you have a birth or death date for Robert or a residence, name of parents, wife and family information might be helpful

                                             

                                            Thank you

                                            Alice Lane

                                              • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
                                                James Smith Adventurer

                                                Dear Alice,

                                                 

                                                Many thanks for your swift response. Here are some facts :

                                                 

                                                Count Marie Paul Robert Zenobe Costa de Beauregard - the subject of my search - was born in Versailles, France, on 25 May 1874, France to Camille Josselin Marie Victor Costa de Beauregard and his wife Anne Césarine Marie Kersauson du Vieuxchastel. He lived in the Château de Trodibon, near Ploezoc’h, Finistere, Brittany. He was Mayor of Ploezoc’h when he was accidentally killed in a bombing raid on a bridge in Morlaix, Brittany, by the RAF on 8th February 1943. The Costa de Beauregard family was originally from the Savoy region of France, on the border with Italy.

                                                 

                                                Once again, many thanks for your help.

                                                 

                                                Best wishes,

                                                James

                                                • Re: Seeking officers' roster of the 306th regiment
                                                  James Smith Adventurer

                                                  Hi Alice,

                                                  Here is what I've found thanks to the links you sent me. My summary gives an overall view of Robert Costa de Beauregard's military career, but I'm still in search of precise details that may possibly be found in a regimental history, perhaps. My questions are those that I posted on July 28th.

                                                   

                                                  Many thanks, once again, for your help.

                                                   

                                                  Best regards,

                                                  James

                                                   

                                                   

                                                  Military career of Count Robert Costa de Beauregard (born 25 May 1874 in Versailes, France)

                                                   

                                                  Robert was awarded the French Legion of Honour on August 2 1920, and his file on the Leonore web-site dedicated to this decoration gives an account of his military career.

                                                   

                                                  He was called up in 1894 as a twenty-year-old, but health problems delayed his incorporation until he was declared fit for service in 1897. He joined the infantry Regiment in Annecy on the 1st of September 1898. On the 19th of the same year, he became a corporal and on the 21st of September 1899, sergeant. He joined the 19th infantry Regiment on the 10th of April 1903 as sub-lieutenant, was promoted to lieutenant on 19 February 1908 and transferred to the 87th tree regiment on the 26th of April 1909. On the 2 August 1914 he was confirmed in the 18/87 regiment and was promoted to captain on 15th of January 1915. He then was transferred to several other infantry regiments until he finally joined the 23rd infantry Regiment on the 22nd of February 1918. It was as a soldier of this regiment that, on July 10, 1918 he was appointed instructor to the American army based at Epinal. He was detached as instructor to the 77th division at Baccarat on 21July 1918. After serving with the US Army (306th Infantry) for which he was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross (DSC), he transferred back to the 23rd Infantry Regiment of the French Territorials on 31 December 1918.

                                                   

                                                  Altogether, he was in active service for the entire period of the war from 2nd August 1914 till 16th April 1919. In addition to the action that won him the DSC, he had already been cited for his ‘courage, energy, and great coolness’ in an action on the 20th of June 1918. He was awarded the French Croix de Guerre.

                                                   

                                                  He was demobilised on 16 April 1919 after a short period in Paris. He then retired to his home at the Château de Trodibon at Plouez’och in Brittany, before being finally transferred (perhaps as a reservist ?) to the 19th Infantry regiment on December 16th 1921. He would have been 47 years old at the time. 

                                                   

                                                  As part of the 77th Division, Robert was probably among those who rescued the so-called “Lost Battalion”, which had fought in the operation in the Meuse-Argonne from October 2-8.  Companies C and D of the 306th machine gun battalion had participated in that action (page 178 of ‘Section4-American armies and battlefields in Europe’, https://www.abmc.gov/sites/default/files/publications/Section4.pdf).

                                                   

                                                  On May 20 2021 History Hub researcher Alice Lane sent a list of awards to members of the 306th infantry. Among the recipients of the DSC, we find those who participated in the action at StJuvin on 14-16 October 1918:

                                                  Colonel George Vidmer (Alabama)

                                                  Major Julius Ochs Adler (New York)

                                                  Major Archibald G Thacher (49 East 51st St, New York)

                                                  Captain Robert Costa De Beauregard (Plouez’och, Brittany, France and 6 rue La Tremoille, Paris)

                                                  First lieutenant Michael Joseph Hayes (9214 Empire Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio)

                                                  sergeant George W Beatty (Medical detachment, 1462 S.Sherman St, Denver, Colorado)

                                                  Corporal Henry B MacPherson (Company C, 431 Rockland St, Abington, Mass.)

                                                  Corporal Vincent P Zelinsky (Company B, 112, Gorski St, Buffalo, NY)

                                                  Private first class James Sullivan (Company H, 333 East 41st, New York)

                                                  Private Joseph Vercruysse (Company H, 1723 41st St, Oakland, California)