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Dear Ms. Chenoweth,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
There are two broad types of records that might be useful for researching your great uncle's military service while a member of the 318th Infantry Regiment. Official Military Personnel Files were the central personnel file maintained by the Army about individual soldiers. Unit records sometimes provide information about individual soldiers, but usually they are better for researching the activities of the units as a whole.
Official Military Personnel File (OMPF) and individual medical reports for soldiers of the U.S. Army who served during World War I are in the custody of NARA's National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) in St. Louis. In many cases where personnel records were destroyed in the 1973 fire, proof of service can be provided from other records such as morning reports, payrolls, and military orders, and a certificate of military service will be issued. Please complete a GSA Standard Form 180 and mail it to NARA's National Personnel Records Center, (Military Personnel Records), 1 Archives Drive, St. Louis, MO 63138-1002. If there is any information requested by the form that you do not know, you may omit it or provide estimates (such as for dates), but the more information you provide, the easier it will be to locate the correct file if it survived the fire. For more information see Official Military Personnel Files (OMPF), Archival Records Requests.
We searched the National Archives Catalog and located a series titled Records of Divisions, 1917 - 1920 in the Records of the American Expeditionary Forces (World War I) (Record Group 120) that includes the 80th Division and files of the 318th Infantry Regiment in Entry P 1241-80 Boxes 13 through 14. We also located the series Records of the 1st Through 338th and the 559th Infantry Regiment, 1916-1921 in the Records of U.S. Regular Army Mobile Units (Record Group 391) that include the records of the 318th Infantry Regiment during WWI. These records are not available online. For more information about these non-digitized records, please contact the National Archives at College Park - Textual Reference (RDT2) via email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Morning reports for Army units from November 1, 1912 to 1959 are in the custody of the National Archives at St. Louis (RL-SL), as are copies of most of the monthly rosters from November 1912 - 1943. For more information about these records, please contact RL-SL via email at email@example.com.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT2 and RL-SL. Also, NPRC will continue servicing requests ONLY associated with medical treatments, burials, and homeless veterans seeking admittance to a homeless shelter. If your request is urgent, please see Emergency Requests and Deadlines. Please refrain from submitting non-emergency requests such as replacement medals, administrative corrections, or records research until NPRC returns to pre-COVID staffing levels. Please check archives.gov/veterans for updates to the NPRC operating hours and status.
For general information about the activities of the 80th Division, to include the 318th Infantry Regiment, please see the American Battle Monuments Commission. (1944). 80th division, summary of operations in the World War. [Washington]: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.. available online through HathiTrust.
We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.
While waiting for a response here, I located on the Internet Archive, a digitized version of a book about the 318th in WWI that provided a detailed history, including the names of members of the unit and their ranks.
History of the 318th Infantry Regiment of the 80th Division, 1917-1919
By: United States. Army. 318th Infantry
Publication date: 1919
Publisher: Richmond, The William Byrd Press, Inc.
Collection: Library of Congress; Americana
Digitizing sponsor: Sloan Foundation
Contributor: The Library of Congress