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Great question! The Truman Library has a great deal of material about the integration of the armed services. President Truman created a commission to study the problem, and we have their records. The finding aid for the Records of the President's Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Services can be found here: http://www.trumanlibrary.org/hstpaper/fahy.htm. We have also digitized their final report, Freedom to Serve, which can be found here: http://www.trumanlibrary.org/civilrights/freeserv.htm.
In addition, we have digitized a number of other resources related to Truman's decision to desegregate the armed services. These are part of Student Research Files that the Truman Library created over the years to aid high school and college undergraduate students with their research. These research files contain about 1,000 pages of the most important documents from our holdings on various topics. The Student Research Files are not exhaustive of everything we have on a given topic - they are just the tip of the iceberg! The Student Research File on Truman's decision to desegregate the military can be found here: Desegregation of the Armed Forces.