1 Reply Latest reply on Mar 29, 2016 12:16 PM by Carol Buswell

    Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940


      The Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940, include rolls that many agents or superintendents submitted to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Information can include name, gender, age, birth date, agency, marital status, tribe, and family relation. These rolls are indexed and available online at Ancestry.com and Fold3.com. Prior to digitization, these records were only available via National Archives Microfilm Publication M595. Use the online Microfilm Catalog to learn which NARA units have copies of this microfilm publication.  Visit the National Archives Catalog for the full archival records description: National Archives Identifier 595276. Take a look at our webpages for more information on these particular records: Indian Census Rolls

        • Re: Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940

          These unique records of Indian Reservations were taken annually whenever possible.  This means it is a unique opportunity to really take a close look at family and community dynamics during those periods. 


          Indian Reservations were not included in the regular U.S. Census before 1900 (with a partial exception in the 1890 census.  The reason for this is that Native People living on the reservations were "Indians not taxed."  Most of them were citizens of their tribe, not the United States.  U.S. Citizenship happened for most Native Americans in Indian Country in 1923.  Still, some were not yet citizens until the 1950's or later.

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