2 Replies Latest reply on Apr 20, 2021 2:21 PM by Hannah Reynolds

    Seeking actual physical location of dwelling based on 1860 census

    David Gunn Newbie

      Is there a way to determine an actual physical location based on the family number and dwelling number in the 1860 census?  I am researching Jacob Bishop (Bischof/Bishof/Bischoff?), 1836-1888,  in the Sandusky/Wood County area of Ohio.  I have found a Jacob Bishop in the 1860 Census in Troy Township, Wood County, and Woodville, Sandusky County.  These 2 counties are contiguous to each other, and the approximate locations of the Jacob Bishops appear to be just across the county line from each other.  I am traveling to Ohio, and would like to physically locate the 2 dwellings.

        • Re: Seeking actual physical location of dwelling based on 1860 census
          Alice Lane Pioneer

          Hi David,

          Welcome to History Hub

          I see you have been busy on family search.

          Here is a possible found in the 1880 Census, but I cannot make out the address, house number is 226.

          Zanesville, Muskingum, Ohio, United States

          Jacob Bishoff, "United States Census, 1880" • FamilySearch


          Alice Lane

          Research Volunteer

          • Re: Seeking actual physical location of dwelling based on 1860 census
            Hannah Reynolds Wayfarer

            Dear Mr. Gunn,


            Thank you for posting your question on History Hub!


            It is not possible to determine from the 1860 census where an individual specifically lived because addresses are not given. However, it is possible to get an idea of where a person lived by doing research in the land records (or land ownership maps) of the two counties.


            We searched the 1860 census records for the two Jacob Bishops mentioned. He himself did not own land, but he is with (or near) other people who did own land.


            The Jacob Bishop who lived in Woodville Township, Sandusky County, is living in the household of Henry Sandwich who did not own land.  However, the household of Rudolph Sandwich, whom the enumerator visited before Henry Sandwich, owned land. The household after Henry Sandwich - Henry Dryer -  also owned land.  The deeds that describe the land owned by those individuals would indicate the legal description of the land and that, ( along with a good map),  would help locate an approximate location. Most likely, the physical house in which Henry Sandwich (and Jacob Bishop) lived was on Rudolph Sandwich's land.


            The Jacob Bishop who lived in Troy Township, Wood County, is living in the household of H. L. Wood, who owned land. Likewise, the deed that describes the land owned by him would indicate the legal description, and along with a good map, would help locate the location of that property.


            A number of land ownership maps can be found online, such as at the Library of Congress.


            There might be a "Wood and Lucas County Land Ownership Map, 1876 in this Ancestry.com collection. If H. L. Wood still owned the land around 1876, he should be shown on the map, which could then be compared to a modern map online, such as Google maps


            In addition, research into 19th century land record ownership can often be done on FamilySearch.org.

            Listed are the steps to take to research using land record ownership.

            1. Go to FamilySearch.org

            2. Create an account if you have not already done so

            3. Click on "Catalog"

            4. Do the "Place" search for each county of interest

            5. Under the Land and property there are a variety of records (some digitized perhaps, some not)

            6. To search deeds, one first needs to examine the deed book indexes for the participants in land transactions. Grantor indexes indicate sellers of land; grantee indexes indicate buyers of land. The indexes will provide the related volume and page upon which the deed is located.

            7.  Go to the appropriate page(s) in the appropriate deed book(s). Deeds often start on one page and continue onto the next.

            The deed will indicate the legal description of land.  In Ohio, that would include the township, county, and further specifiers such as the section and the part of the section.  Legal descriptions read like puzzles, such as "the east half of northwest quarter and west half of northeast quarter of section twenty-six in Township 12, north of Range [number]."



            We hope you find this information helpful. Best of luck with your research!

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