6 Replies Latest reply on Apr 21, 2021 5:00 PM by Elliot Schneider

    Seeking French medals & citations for Frank Hubeny

    Susan Hubeny Newbie

      I am looking for information about WWI French medals and citations as listed in General Order 55 dated April 25, 1919.  My uncle was an ambulance driver in WWI. First with the US Army, then transferred to the Norton-Harjes units until the Army wanted him back about September 1917. I believe that he received a medal or two and there is supposed to be a booklet that lists the names of men who were eligible to wear the French medals on their uniforms as listed in the above Adjutant General order. I have not been able to find this booklet. My uncle is Frank Hubeny.

        • Re: Seeking French medals & citations for Frank Hubeny
          Tracy Skrabut Adventurer

          Dear Ms. Hubeny,


          Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!


          A search in our catalog returned a number of images of the Norton-Harjes Unit. There may be information on these medals within those records.


          You may find the general results here:




          For more information on the existence of a book recording these medals, you may wish to reach out to our Textual Reference in College Park, as they would be able to tell you if such foreign serve awards were recorded in US unit records outside of the general orders.


          For more information about these records, please contact the National Archives at College Park - Textual Reference (RDT2) at archives2reference@nara.gov


          We hope this is helpful.


          • Re: Seeking French medals & citations for Frank Hubeny
            Elliot Schneider Pioneer



            Here is some information


            1 person found this helpful
            • Re: Seeking French medals & citations for Frank Hubeny
              Rachael Salyer Tracker

              Dear Ms. Hubeny,


              We located some additional information that may be useful for your research.


              If you have not done so already, you may wish to request a copy of your uncle’s Official Military Personnel File (OMPF). OMPFs and individual medical reports for enlisted men of the U.S. Army who were separated from the service after October 1912 and before 1959 are in the custody of NARA's National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) in St. Louis. In many cases where personnel records were destroyed in the 1973 fire, proof of service can be provided from other records such as morning reports, payrolls, and military orders, and a certificate of military service will be issued. Please complete a GSA Standard Form 180 and mail it to NARA's National Personnel Records Center, (Military Personnel Records), 1 Archives Drive, St. Louis, MO  63138-1002. You also may fax the form to 314-801-9195 OR view the record by visiting the NPRC Archival Research Room in St. Louis, MO. Veterans and their next of kin also may use eVetRecs to request records. See eVetRecs Help for instructions. For more information see Official Military Personnel Files (OMPF), Archival Records Requests.


              Additionally, we located 18 series related to ambulance companies in the Records of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) (Record Group 120) that might be of interest to you. These or similar division or unit records in Record Group 120 might contain the General Order you are interested in. These records have not been digitized. For access to and information about them, please contact the National Archives at College Park - Textual Reference (RDT2) at archives2reference@nara.gov


              Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT2. Also, NPRC will continue servicing requests ONLY associated with medical treatments, burials, and homeless veterans seeking admittance to a homeless shelter. If your request is urgent, please see Emergency Requests and Deadlines. Please refrain from submitting non-emergency requests such as replacement medals, administrative corrections, or records research until NPRC returns to pre-COVID staffing levels. Please check archives.gov/veterans for updates to the NPRC operating hours and status. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.


              Again, we hope this information is helpful, and best of luck with your family research!


                • Re: Seeking French medals & citations for Frank Hubeny
                  Susan Hubeny Newbie

                  I had requested his personnel file and they found only one item and that was his final pay voucher from Walter Reed Hospital which also stated his diagnosis and the fact that he was 75% disabled. I have obtained much more information from the many diaries of others in his section from the state of Ohio, Cornell University, and several books. I know what battles he was in, his interactions with Pershing (Pershings diary and correspondence), and more. The film file that was sent to me by Tracy shows my Uncle at his sign in and deployment with Norton-Harjes. I believe that he was US Army shell shock patient #1 in November 1917. This is how he got to Walter Reed. The General Order 55, was posted to a Military forum that shows the collectibles that people have accumulated and this booklet shows all of the people who were entitled to wear the French medals on their uniforms per an act of congress. I can not find this booklet and the gentleman who posted the booklet did so back in 2013. He has not replied to my posts. I was hoping that this booklet could be a final visual confirmation of his service. I appreciate all of the information that has been supplied. I think the only thing to do is wait for NARA to open up.

                    • Re: Seeking French medals & citations for Frank Hubeny
                      Elliot Schneider Pioneer



                      Please see additional information below.


                      Also follow this link beginning on pg 225 on Ambulances services in France https://archive.org/details/14120390RX8.nlm.nih.gov/page/n225/mode/2up?view=theater


                      And page 1049 talks about AMB Company #6 https://archive.org/details/14120390RX8.nlm.nih.gov/page/n1049/mode/2up?view=theater


                      AMBULANCE SECTIONS

                      The organization of the Army Ambulance Service sections with the French army differed in a few minor details from that of the sections which served temporarily with American divisions during the operations of 1918.69 Those serving with the American Army were planned by the chief of the Army Ambulance Service, for special use with American troops, and were made up of a strictly all American personnel, but their organization was based on the experience gained from the use of similar sections with the French army.69 The equipment was practically the same for the two types, except that an additional touring car was allowed for each of the sections with the French Army for the French lieutenant, and a French truck, usually of a standard type, was provided for transporting gasoline. In general, what is said of a section serving with a French division applies with equal force to one serving with an American division.69 The following tabulation gives the personnel in both the American and French sections:70


                      AMERICAN SECTION


                      FRENCH SECTION



                      Officers (American, 1; French, 1)


                      Noncommissioned officers


                      Noncommissioned officers (American, 3; French, 1)




                      Mechanics (American)




                      Cooks (American, 2; French, 1)




                      Drivers (American, 24; French, 2)


                      Privates (extra)




                      Total (enlisted)


                      Total (enlisted)


                      All other departments of the Army Ambulance Service were considered auxiliary to the ambulance section as this was the branch which directly served wounded. It was a development of four years of war, and was adapted to both trench and open warfare. This section must not be confused with the ambulance company or with the evacuation ambulance company of the American Army nor with the section sanitaire of the French Army.


                      Although based on the plans of the Service de Sante of the French Army, a section of the Army Ambulance Service was by no means the exact duplicate of the French Section Service Sanitaire.70 The duty of such of our sections as were assigned to the American Expeditionary Forces was analagous to that of an evacuation ambulance company when it was serving armies or corps, and to that of the motor transport section of an ambulance company when it was assigned to a division.