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Dear Mr. Chagas,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
We suggest that you review these Genealogy: Passenger Arrival List Research Tips and NARA’s page on Immigration Records for suggestions on how to locate immigration information for your ancestors. There are numerous ways that individuals could enter the United States from Europe such as on a ship that arrived at various coastal ports or over land from Canada, etc. We searched the National Archives Catalog and located 111 series pertaining to passenger lists from 1920 to 1929 in the Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (Record Group 85). For more information about a particular series, please email the reference unit listed as the contact in the Catalog description.
Many of the passenger lists have been digitized and are name-searchable online using Ancestry and FamilySearch. There may be a fee for using Ancestry. Instead, you may wish to contact your local library. Many library systems subscribe to these sites, making them free for patrons.
If you locate records of the Spiekers on an incoming U. S. passenger list, check the margins and the end of the manifest for details about their detention and any Board of Special Inquiry (BSI) hearing. For background on manifest notations, please see Manifest Markings - Left Margin and Manifest Markings - Board of Special Inquiry
Beginning in 1903, inspectors used Form 818 or “Record of Aliens Held for Special Inquiry,” to document both the process and the resolution of cases of detained immigrants. We searched the National Archives Catalog and located the Subject Index to Correspondence and Case Files, 1903 - 3/31/1957 (Microfilm Publication T458) that serves as an index to part of the Subject and Policy Files, 1906 - 1957 in Record Group 85, which may include a record of any BSI hearing regarding Wilhelm Spieker’s immigration. For more information about these records, please contact the National Archives at Washington DC - Textual Reference (RDT1) via email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your family research!
In the 1930 U.S. Census I found 4 likely name matches and in the 1940 U.S. Census found 5 but no matches for Hildegard. If he was in the 1930 U.S. Census see Question -22 " Immigration year" the 1940 U.S. Census does not have this question. I also ran across some information Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Immigration Cards, 1900-1965 on Familysearch see attachment:
It sounds as if this man applied for (or tried to apply for) US immigrant visas for himself and his family, which were required by the US since July 1, 1924. He would have applied at a US Embassy or consulate abroad (US Department of State). If denied, it is unclear whether the State Department kept any record, or if so, for how long.
It does appear some consular records at least (RG 84) have logs or volumes listing applications or requests for services, but I do not know if such exists for every embassy/consulate or if those logs include applications for immigrant visas. See, for example, NAID 657151. You might send an inquiry to NARA asking for help from an archivist familiar with Record Group 84.