5 Replies Latest reply on Apr 15, 2021 6:53 AM by Malcolm MacGarvin

    Seeking cause of death for Walter Joynes

    Malcolm MacGarvin Newbie

      I have a relative, Walter E Joynes, who in WWII was in the 17th Airborne 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment. He died in the last days of the war, 24 April 1945, and he is buried in a military cemetery near the French/German border.  I have found him in the 507th PIR Roster. Most people who died are marked with the familiar "KIA". But his entry for cause of death is "KODY". Can anyone help explain the meaning of the acronym, or suggest some sources that I might explore to try and find out? NB: The link to the roster is http://www.usairborne.be/Roster/ROSTER-507PIR.pdf  and the website with the roster is http://www.usairborne.be/17/17_507_us.htm

        • Re: Seeking cause of death for Walter Joynes
          Alice Lane Pioneer

          -Hi Malcolm

          Welcome to History Hub

          Here is a list of codes that I found

          GLOSSARY of ACRONYMS (ww2-airborne.us)


          • BS - Bronze Star
          • Capt - Captain
          • Co - Company
          • CO - Commanding Officer
          • Col - Colonel
          • Cpl - Corporal
          • DOI - Died of Injuries
          • DOW - Died of Wounds
          • DSC - Distinguished Service Cross
          • Hq - Headquarters
          • KIA - Killed in Action
          • KODY - Killed on Duty
          • LM - Legion of Merit
          • Lt - Lieutenant

          Alice Lane

          Research Volunteer

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          • Re: Seeking cause of death for Walter Joynes
            Elliot Schneider Ranger

            Mr. MacGarvin,


            I also searched the State of Pennsylvania Casualty list database for Army and he is listed as (DNB) which is considered "Died Non-Battle". I'm pretty certain that I've never seen this type of code but if I was betting man I would say (KODY) means "Killed Outside of Duty" Please take note that most of these websites obtain lists and input data from others and may not have the knowledge. But he should be listed in terms of the military casualty code (DNB).


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            • Re: Seeking cause of death for Walter Joynes
              Shannon Kerner Adventurer

              Dear Mr. MacGarvin,


              Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!


              Since KODY has already been explained in a previous reply, we will focus on other information. The circumstances of his death may be contained in his Individual Deceased Personnel File (IDPF). IDPFs from 1940-1976 for personnel with surnames that begin with A-L are in the custody of the National Archives at St. Louis (RL-SL). For access to these records, please contact RL-SL via email at stl.archives@nara.gov.


              We searched National Archives Catalog and located the World War II Operations Reports, 1940-1948 in the Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1917-1985 (Record Group 407) that may include records of the 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 17th Airborne Division during WWII. For more information about these records, please contact the National Archives at College Park - Textual Reference (RDT2) via email at archives2reference@nara.gov.


              Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RL-SL and RDT2. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.


              We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your family research!


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