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The status of the engineer aviation units is indeed puzzling, as it seems there was no Corps or Force-wide headquarters for such units. According to Martin Bowman’s “USAAF Handbook 1939-1945” (Stackpole Books,1997), The original aviation engineer unit was the 21st Aviation Engineer Regiment which was established in 1940. Eventually the aviation engineer force grew to more than 117,000 officers and men. According to Bowman’s account, these units and detachments were distributed world-wide and employed based upon local need. It wasn’t until Operation Torch in November 1942, however, that an aviation engineer command was east established at numbered Air Force level. It appears that the highest level operational unit was the battalion, although Bowman does not have a table of organization and equipment for these units.
So it appears that the aviation engineer units were Army Air Corps/Army Air Force units without much organization above the battalion level.
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Dear Mr. Silverman,
Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!
We searched the National Archives Catalog and located Organizational Unit Records, 1943 - 1947 in the Records of Headquarters, European Theater of Operations, United States Army (World War II) (Record Group 498) that includes 140 files concerning individual engineer aviation battalions. We also located General Correspondence With or About Engineer Units, Other Federal Agencies, Universities, and Other Institutions and Special Projects, 1918 - 1946 in the Records of the Office of the Chief of Engineers (Record Group 77) that includes correspondence pertaining to engineering aviation units in Boxes 128-129. For more information about these records, please contact the National Archives at College Park - Textual Reference (RDT2) at Archives2reference@nara.gov.
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In addition, we searched online and located fact sheets about Engineer Aviation Battalions on the website of the National Museum of the United States Air Force. If these do not answer your question, we suggest that you submit an inquiry to the Research Division at email@example.com. Lastly, you may wish to contact the Air Force Historical Research Agency, the U.S. Army Center of Military History, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Office of History.
We hope this is helpful. Best of luck with your research!